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Flashcards in Ati Test A/B Deck (49)
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0

What are adverse effects of mannitol

HF, monitor for peripheral edema
Vomiting
Polydipsia
Muscle cramps

1

Sucralfate ( mucousal protectant)

Forms a protective barriers over ulcers in peptic ulcer disease

2

h2 receptor antagonists

Decreases stomach acid secretion

3

Morphine adverse effects

Urinary retention
Bradycardia
Hypothermia
Pupil constriction

4

Insulins glargine

Shouldn't be mixed in same syringe as other insulins
The solution is clear
Administer once per day at the same time
It does not cause a peak it is a gradual insulin

5

Acetazolamide adverse effects

Paresthesia, monitor for tingling of fingers
Hyperglycemia

6

Prednisone adverse effects

Osteoporosis. Which is monitored with bone density scans. ( prednisone is a glucocorticoid)

7

What drug decreases a persons serum potassium level

Sodium polystyrene sulfate

8

Why is Doxycycline contraindicated in pregnancy

Due to its adverse effects on developing bones and teeth

9

New hen administering Enalapril what should the nurse monitor for

Monitor for hyperkalemia due to potassium retention by the kidneys

10

What are adverse effects of aspirin

Salicylate poisoning which causes,respiratory alkalosis in early stages

11

What are signs and symptoms of magnesium toxicity

CNS depression
Lethargy
Decreased BP
depressed deep tendon reflexes

12

What are side effects of tamoxifen

Menstrual irregularities
Hot flashes
Bruising

13

What is the antidote for benzodiazepine overdose

Flumazenil

14

What is the antidote for opioid tocicity

Naloxone

15

What is the antidote for inhibitor overdose

Atropine

16

What person with Graves' disease has difficulty doing what

They have a difficult time functioning. Propylthiouracil increases,the ability to function

17

What are signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism

Increased appetite
Insomnia

18

What taking fluoxetine, what should you avoid

Avoid NSAIDS which increases,the risk of bleeding ( as a substitute, take acetaminophen

19

What should you monitor for when administering the anticholinergic benztropine

Monitor for tachycardia and constipation

20

Albuterol

Relieves bronchospasms during acute asthma attacks

21

What does the inhaled corticosteroid beclomethasone do

Provides long term control of asthma

22

What does the mast cell stabilizer nedocromil do

Provides long term control of asthma

23

What does the leukotriene modifier montelukast do

It provides long term control of asthma and prevention of exercise induced bronchospasm
( it is not for acute asthma attacks)

24

While taking metronidazole, what is important to remember

Do not consume alcohol

25

If a person person is suffering from a allergic reaction and has the symptoms of urticaria, dyspnea, anxiety, and hypotension, what should be administered

Parenteral epinephrine

26

What should you educate a pt on who is newly prescribed iron pills ( ferrous sulfate.)

Educate to take on an empty stomach
Antacids reduce absorption of iron

27

What best determines thyroid activity

Measuring TSH is the most sensitive for determining thyroid activity.
A TSH level of 2 micorunits indicates proper thyroid functioning

28

What is sublingual ergotamine used for

Migraine headaches
Take 1 tab at onset of migraine
Max of 3 tabs in 24 hours

29

What med commonly causes gingival hyperplasia

Phenytoin
Notify dentist if taking this med
levels less than 10 can result in seizures
Greater then 20 can produce toxicity