Arteries Flashcards Preview

Human Biology 116 > Arteries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Arteries Deck (113)
Loading flashcards...
1

Where is the right common cartoid artery?

And what is it? 

L1

The Common Carotid artery is a large elastic artery which provides the main blood supply to the head and neck

2

Where is the brachiocephalic artery?

And what is its function?

L3

artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head and neck.

3

Where is the right subclavian a?

And what is its function? 

L2

 The right subclavian artery supplies blood to the right arm, with some branches supplying the head and thorax.

4

Where is the superior vena cava?

What is its function? 

L4

The superior vena cava is one of the two main veins bringing de-oxygenated blood from the body to the heart. Veins from the head and upper body feed into the superior vena cava, which empties into the right atrium of the heart.

5

Where is the right atrium? 

What is the function of the right atrium? 

L5

The right atrium is the first chamber of the heart to receive deoxygenated and carbon dioxide-rich systemic blood from the body

6

What does deoxygenated blood mean? 

Deoxygenated is defined as oxygen has been removed. An example of deoxygenated is when oxygen has been removed from blood or water.

7

Where are the lobes of the liver? 

What is the function of the liver?

L7&8

The liver regulates most chemical levels in the blood and excretes a product called bile. This helps carry away waste products from the liver. All the blood leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver.

8

Where is the right ventricle?

What is its function?

L6

The right ventricle is the chamber within the heart that is responsible for pumping oxygen-depleted blood to the lungs.

9

Where is the gall bladder?

What is its function?

L9

It stores bile, the liquid produced by the liver to help break down fats that you eat.

10

Where is the Cystic duct?

What is its function?

 

L10

A tube that carries bile from the gall bladder. It joins the common hepatic duct to form the common bile duct.

11

Where is the duodenum?

What is its function? 

L11

The duodenum is the first part of the small intestine, It's largely responsible for the continuous breaking-down process. 

12

Where is the Ascending colon?

What is its function?

L12

to absorb the remaining water and other key nutrients from the indigestible material, solidifying it to form stool. The descending colon stores feces that will eventually be emptied into the rectum.

13

Where is the Mesentery?

What is its function?

L13

The mesentery attaches the intestines to the abdominal wall, and also helps storing the fat and allows the blood and lymph vessels, as well as the nerves, to supply the intestines.

14

Where is the cecum?

What is its function? 

L15

The main functions of the cecum are to absorb fluids and salts that remain after completion of intestinal digestion and absorption and to mix its contents with a lubricating substance, mucus.

15

Where is the vermiform appendix?

What is its function?

L16

The function of the vermiform appendix in the human body is not fully established yet. Scientists believe that it is a vestigial remnant, that is, it was once useful to humans in the digestion of food, but as we have evolved, it has lost its function and become redundant

16

Where is the Common iliac artery?

What is its function?

 

L17

The common iliac arteries provide the primary blood supply to the lower limbs

17

Where is the Ovary?

What is its function?

L18

Ovaries make eggs and hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These hormones help girls develop, and make it possible for a woman to have a baby.

18

Where is the Uterine tube?

What is its function?

L19

The primary function of the uterine tubes is to transport sperm toward the egg, which is released by the ovary, and to then allow passage of the fertilized egg back to the uterus for implantation. 

19

Where is the Femoral artery?

What is its function?

L20

The femoral artery is one of the major arteries in the human body. It extends from the iliac artery near the abdomen down to the legs. The primary function of this artery is to supply blood to the lower section of the body.

 

20

Where is the femoral vein?

What is its function?

L21

it carries blood back to the heart from the lower extremities.

21

Where is the adductor longus muscle?

What is its function? 

L22

The primary function of the is muscle group is to adduct the thigh at the hip joint. The muscles in this compartment are believed to be evolved from both extensor and flexor columns.

22

Where is the Gracillis muscle?

What is its function?

L23

 Due to it's attachment on the tibia, the gracilis flexes the knee, adducts the thigh, and medially rotate the tibia on the femur.

23

Where is the Vastus medialis muscle?

What is its function?

L24

 This muscle is used to extend the leg at the knee and to stabilize the patella, which is also known as the kneecap.

24

Where is the larynx?

What is its function?

R1

The larynx houses the vocal cords that open to allow breathing; close to protect the windpipe when swallowing; and vibrate to give voice

25

Where is the trachea?

What is its function?

R2

The trachea serves as passage for air, moistens and warms it while it passes into the lungs, and protects the respiratory surface from an accumulation of foreign particles.

26

Where is the Left Subclavian artery?

What is its function?

R3

The left subclavian artery supplies blood to the left arm

27

Where is the Arch of aorta?

What is its function?

R4

The aorta distributes blood from the left ventricle of the heart to the rest of the body

28

Where is the pulmonary artery?

What is its function?

R5

The pulmonary arteries carry blood to the lungs to become oxygenated

29

Where is the pulmonary trunk?

What is its function?

R6

pumps blood from the right ventricle during artial systole/ventricular diastole

 

30

Where is the pulmonary vein?

What is its function?

R7

 The lung veins sometimes referred to the pulmonary veins, are blood vessels that transfer freshly oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atria of the heart.