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Flashcards in Architecture Deck (167)
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1

When was the Temple of Hera at Olympia built?

590 BC

2

What is the order and alignment of Hera at Olympia?

Doric E-W alignment

3

What are the dimensions and W:L ratio of Hera at Olympia?

18.76m x 50m 1:2.67 (very long)

4

What are the Temple of Hera at Olympia's columns like?

- 6 x 16 columns (n x 2n+4)
- They are closer together on the sides (3.26m apart) than on the front and back (3.56m apart)
- They were originally wooden, but were gradually replaced by stone from the mid 6thC onwards
- Neighbouring shafts vary by 30cm in diameter
- One column has 16 flutes instead of 20

5

What is Hera at Olympia's front porch like?

- Has 2 columns in antis
- Single entrance

6

Which materials is Hera at Olympia made of?

- The first 90cm (3ft) of the cella wall's footing is stone, the rest is sun dried brick
- The platform and bases of columns are stone

7

What is Hera at Olympia's cella like?

- Divided by 2 rows of sing-tiered internal colonnades - divides cella into a central nave and side aisles
- Every other column is replaced by a spur wall
- Series of bays with columns in the middle (shadow)
- Internal colonnade and spurs aligned with the external colonnade

8

What is Hera at Olympia's rear porch like?

- Has 2 columns in antis
- Is a false porch (no actual doorway)

9

How is Hera at Olympia decorated?

- No evidence of carvings on the metopes or pediments (could have been plain, painted, or have terracotta sculpture)

10

What is Hera at Olympia's roof like?

- Has one disc style actroteria at each end - each are over 2m in diameter
- Terracotta tiles

11

When was Hera (1) at Paestum built?

550 BC

12

What is Hera (1) at Paestum's order and alignment?

Doric E-W alignment (parallel to Hera 2 at P)

13

What are the dimensions and W:L ratio of Hera (1) at Paestum?

24.5m x 54.2m 1:2.2 (short)

14

What are the columns of Hera (1) at Paestum like?

- Has 9x18 columns (n x 2n)
- Significant tapering (1/3 narrower at top than bottom)
- Pronounced entasis and very curved echinus
- Under the echinus was a decorative band of flowers
- 3 columns near the SW corner had an additional, more elaborate band
- The external and internal columns are the same size

15

What is the front porch of Hera (1) at Paestum like?

- Has 3 columns in antis
- Double entrance

16

What are the antae of Hera (1) at Paestum like?

- They have small decorative scrolls on the underside of the capital

17

Which materials is Hera (1) at Paestum made out of?

- Made of local limestone with stucco

18

What is the cella of Hera (1) at Paestum like?

- Cella split into two by a single-tiered single internal colonnade (double dedication? Structural?)
- Columns are aligned and the same size as external columns

19

What is Hera (1) at Paestum's adyton like?

- Previously it had been a rear porch

20

What are the eaves of Hera (1) at Paestum like?

- They have decorative terracotta sheathing (lions' heads and painted patterns)

21

How is Hera (1) at Paestum decorated?

- Has no carved metopes (as no fragments were found)

22

What is the altar of Hera (1) at Paestum like?

- It is positioned to the east of the temple
- It is huge: the width of the temple (24.5m)
- Made of limestone

23

When was the temple of Athena at Paestum built?

500 BC

24

What is the order and alignment of Athena at Paestum?

Doric E-W alignment

25

What are the dimensions and W:L ratio of Athena at Paestum?

14.5m x 33m 1:2.28

26

What are the columns of Athena at Paestum like?

- 6 x 13 columns (n x 2n+1)
- Relatively plump echinus

27

What is the front porch of Athena at Paestum like?

- Deep porch
- 6 Ionic, prostyle columns and 2 engaged columns
- Porch columns are smaller than the external columns

28

What is Athena at Paestum's short corridor like?

- It had an upward staircase on either side (could have been an upper gallery over the porch)

29

What was Athena at Paestum built out of?

- Limestone
- Sandstone: 2 layers around frieze, carved inserted triglyphs

30

What is Athena at Paestum's cella like?

- It had no internal colonnade
- No false porch/adyton