Approach to ENT Complaint Flashcards Preview

ECOS 2 Post-Midterm > Approach to ENT Complaint > Flashcards

Flashcards in Approach to ENT Complaint Deck (54)
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1

When do the frontal sinuses develop?

Ages 8-10

2

Where are the frontal sinuses?

At the eyebrow level

3

Where are the maxillary sinuses?

On each side of the nose at the cheek bones

4

What part of the nose do you press on to test for nasal obstruction?

Ala Nasi

5

If there is tenderness with pressure on the tip of the nose, what could that indicate?

Local infection - furuncle

6

What is exudate?

White patches usually on the tonsils

7

How should the tympanic membrane look?

Translucent

8

Allergic Rhinitis

Inflammation in the nose caused by an allergen

9

Rhinorrhea

Runny nose - clear discharge

10

Anterior epistaxis

Anterior nosebleed - most common
- Affects kiesselbach's plexus

11

Posterior epistaxis

Posterior nosebleed - more severe
- Affects posterolateral branches of sphenopalatine artery

12

Tonsilitis

Inflammation of the tonsils

13

Infectious mononucleosis is caused by?

Epstein Barr Virus

14

Triad of symptoms for Infectious Mononucleosis?

Fever
Sore throat
Lymphadenopathy

15

Pharyngitis

Sore throat with inflammation of pharynx

16

Lymphadenopathy

Enlarged lymph nodes

17

Viral pharyngitis symptoms

Hoarseness, low fever, fatigue, conjunctivitis

18

What causes Streptococcal pharyngitis?

Group A Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus

19

Symptoms of Streptococcal Pharyngitis?

Sore throat
Headache
Fever and fatigue
Tonsillar EXUDATE
NO COUGH

20

What ages are at the highest likely hood for Streptococcal Pharyngitis?

5-15

21

Acute Otitis Media

Inflammation of middle ear due to bacteria or virus
- Red and bulging

22

Acute Suppurative Otitis Media

Acute Otitis Media with PURULENT material (milky fluid)

23

Otitis Media with Effusion

Inflammation and SEROUS fluid buildup but NO INFECTION

24

When may Otitis Media with Effusion present?

After an ear infection has resolved
Blockage of Eustachian tubes

25

How long is chronic?

More than 6 weeks

26

Chronic Otitis Media with Effusion

Fluid remains in the middle ear

27

If chronic otitis media with effusion persists, what is more likely to happen?

More ear infections and hearing problems

28

Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media and what it results in?

Persistent ear infection that results in TEARING OF EARDRUM

29

What can cause Otitis Externa?

Bacteria enters break in skin of ear canal

30

Symptoms of Otitis Externa?

Drainage from ear and pain with touching of ear