Flashcards in Approach to ENT Complaint Deck (54)
When do the frontal sinuses develop?
Where are the frontal sinuses?
At the eyebrow level
Where are the maxillary sinuses?
On each side of the nose at the cheek bones
What part of the nose do you press on to test for nasal obstruction?
If there is tenderness with pressure on the tip of the nose, what could that indicate?
Local infection - furuncle
What is exudate?
White patches usually on the tonsils
How should the tympanic membrane look?
Inflammation in the nose caused by an allergen
Runny nose - clear discharge
Anterior nosebleed - most common
- Affects kiesselbach's plexus
Posterior nosebleed - more severe
- Affects posterolateral branches of sphenopalatine artery
Inflammation of the tonsils
Infectious mononucleosis is caused by?
Epstein Barr Virus
Triad of symptoms for Infectious Mononucleosis?
Sore throat with inflammation of pharynx
Enlarged lymph nodes
Viral pharyngitis symptoms
Hoarseness, low fever, fatigue, conjunctivitis
What causes Streptococcal pharyngitis?
Group A Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus
Symptoms of Streptococcal Pharyngitis?
Fever and fatigue
What ages are at the highest likely hood for Streptococcal Pharyngitis?
Acute Otitis Media
Inflammation of middle ear due to bacteria or virus
- Red and bulging
Acute Suppurative Otitis Media
Acute Otitis Media with PURULENT material (milky fluid)
Otitis Media with Effusion
Inflammation and SEROUS fluid buildup but NO INFECTION
When may Otitis Media with Effusion present?
After an ear infection has resolved
Blockage of Eustachian tubes
How long is chronic?
More than 6 weeks
Chronic Otitis Media with Effusion
Fluid remains in the middle ear
If chronic otitis media with effusion persists, what is more likely to happen?
More ear infections and hearing problems
Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media and what it results in?
Persistent ear infection that results in TEARING OF EARDRUM
What can cause Otitis Externa?
Bacteria enters break in skin of ear canal