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Flashcards in Animal Nursing 2 Deck (236)
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1

The dominant hand scrubs or gets the sponge from the bowl?

scrubs, other gets sponge

2

Use the scrubbing agent then the rinising agent ___ times for a total of ___ mins of contact time

3x, 5mins

3

This is healing by which intention: Without infection or excessive granulation tissue

1st Intention (Avoid wiping edges, Scar strong enough by 10 days, full strength takes another 2-4 weeks)

4

This is healing by which intention: Two granulating surfaces and some degree of suppuration

2nd intention (Most common reasons-Infection, No hair follicles on resulting new skin)

5

How can you assist in maintaining hemostasis (a process which causes bleeding to stop, meaning to keep blood within a damaged blood vessel) during surgery?

-Clamp and ligate (tie up)
-Electrocautery
-Ground
-Alcohol

6

How are suture materials classified?

-Absorption characteristics
-Number of strands
-Capillary characteristics
-Fiber origin

7

Suture selection depends on what?

-Should be as strong as the tissue it holds
-Selection is based on the tensile strength of the tissue as well as the organ (Stomach & SI stronger than bladder & colon, Organ strength can vary within the same organ)
-Also depends on age and size of animal

8

What are some reasons for an OVH and disadvantages?

Indications:
-Sterilization
-Removal of estrous cycle
-Infection of tract (pyometra)
-Congenital abnormalities
-Neoplasms
Disadvantages:
-No more puppies
-No estrogens may cause skin disorder
-Urinary incontinence

9

Definition of C-section?

removal of fetuses through an uterine incision

10

What are some indications that a C-section is needed?

-Dystocias
-Brachycephalics
-Pelvic injuries
-Uterine inertia (absence of effective uterine contractions during labor)
-Obstructive

11

What are Post-op complications of a C-section?

-Hypovolemia and hypotension of the dam
-Uterine hemorrhage
-Peritonitis (rare)
-Agalactia (is absence of or faulty secretion of breast milk following childbirth)

12

What are some clinical signs of FLUTD (Feline lower urinary tract disease)

dysuria, stranguria (strainging), pollakiuria (frequent attempts), hematuria, periuria

13

Feline idiopathic cystitis is similar to what in humans

interstitial cystitis

14

____ is the #1 cause for FLUTD

FIC (Feline idiopathic cystitis )

15

FIC usually lasts how long?

3-7 days

16

What test is best to detect FIC?

there is no test, must rule out other causes to diagnose

17

FLUTD what test is the best to use?

urinalysis

18

T/F Crystals may not be present with uroliths

true

19

What type of crystals cannot be seen on a radiograph?

urate and cystine

20

T/F C/D multicare decreases the number of reoccurrences and is an anti-inflammatory with omega 3 fatty acids

true

21

What FIC management option has the highest level of evidence?

grade 1 (c/d multicare)

22

Stones can develop within ____ weeks

2 weeks

23

Dissolve nutrition usually takes ___ days to up to ___ days

7 to 28

24

S/D is used for? How long?

struvite dissolution (13 days short term)

25

What is the most likely urolith type?

struvite

26

Name 3 Vet Tech responsibilities prior to surgery

1) Verify ID
2) Verify procedure
3) Verify site
4) Clip hair

27

The prep area is a designated site where what duties are performed on the patient prior to surgery?

1) scrubbing the patient
2) clipping the patient
3) pre-anesthetics/anesthetizing the patient

28

Name 5 duties of the vet tech while assisting in surgery.

-Assist in the sterile draping of the patient
-Maintain orderly sx field and prevent contamination
-Organize the instrument table
-Count sponges and instruments at the beginning and prior to closing
-Pass instruments and other supplies
-Assist in proper tissue handling/retraction/etc.

29

What do we mean by a wound healing by 2nd intention?

healing will occur on its own without suturing

30

What are 5 of the general post-op rules for the vet tech?

-Carefully monitor for swallowing
-Maintain warmth of patient
-Keep patient clean and dry
-Monitor BT, pulse, RR
-Record in record, address changes in pattern with DVM