Flashcards in Anicich: hierarchical cultural values Deck (6)
Describes cultural variation in hierarchy, which he defined as “the extent to which members of society accept the fact that power in institutions and organizations is distributed unequally”.
- Lower ranked members in high-power-distance
cultures are not expected to disagree with higher
ranked members and that higher ranked members
are not required to consult lower ranked members in
the decision-making process.
Predictive power of cultural values
The cultural values of one’s home country predict behavior even when people are abroad.
- The predictive power of cultural values is likely to be
even stronger when people also face uncertainty.
- In an unfamiliar and uncertain context, they use past
experiences and cultural assumptions to make
sense of the novel environment.
Mechanisms needed in strong hierarchical cultures
Need to implement mechanisms geared toward encouraging low-ranking members to voice their perspectives and for high-ranking members to integrate this feedback.
Hierarchy can produce both best and worst outcomes
- Hierarchical differentiation can increase group
performance by clearly defining roles that facilitate
coordination (1) and the integration of information (2,
3) and by creating patterns of deference that reduce
intragroup conflict, especially when group members
are interdependent (4, 5).
- Hierarchy, however, also has the potential to kill. Rigid
hierarchies limit low-ranking group members from
voicing their opinions and concerns. This lack of p
articipative voice can produce negative outcomes,
including greater mortality (6, 7).
- Hierarchy can also reduce feelings of psychological
safety (8), thereby impairing group communication (9)
and performance (10).
When are the benefits of hierarchy especially pronounced?
Under conditions of high interdependence.