Flashcards in Ancient Greece Deck (79)
Origins of Western civilization
Minoans -- Island of Crete
What factors contributed to the rise of Minoan society?
large navy and merchant fleet
cultural contact with Egypt & the Near East
Causes of Mycenae's war with Troy
(2 major rivals)
Blocked (Mycenaen) tade routes
Clash of cultures
How did Mycenaen society come to an end
Through a series of invasions by the Dorians
Whn were the Greek Dark Ages?
1100 - 800 BCE
What was life like during the Greek Dar Ages?
art and culture decreased
people went back to nomadic hunt/gather
deep-rooted hatreds develop
What was the impact of Greek colonizatino (800 - 500 BCE)?
Greek colonies took on the image of Greek city-states; colonies expanded trade and resources; diffusion of Greek culture; war with Persia; development of humanism
What is Humanism?
the belief that people are good and have unlimited potential when given the opportunity; self reliant; capable of great achievement
List the political reforms of Solon
-cancelled all debt (public/private)
-made everyone equal under the law
-trial by jury (used lottery system)
-Amnesty for political crimes
-Graduated tax system
Lies the political reforms of Cleisthenes
-made all Athenian men voting members of the Assembly
-transforms Athens from a dictarorship to direct democracy
-Establishes ostracism (loss of citizenship & property and exiled for 10 years)
What was the role of the individual in Sparta?
serve the state
What was the impact of cultural contact with the MInoans on acient Greece?
the torch of knowledge got passed from the Minoans to the Mycenaens
Know the weaknesses of the Athenian deocratic process
slow; inefficient; decentralized; selected leader with the lottery system
List Peisistratus' reforms
-divided state owned land amon the poor
-Divided land owned by banished aristocrats to the poor workfare (build temples, roads etc.)
-offered gov't support to colonists
-expanded foreign markets
-BUTTER over GUNS
What was the Spartan Solution?
all guns, no butter
What were the causes of the Peloponnesian War?
Athens spread democracy; Sparta spreads totalitarian (autocracy)
2 major powers in the region
Athens trade in Peloponnesus
Competition for neutral city-states
Know the Spartan political structure
2 Kings (Dual Monarchy)
Periocci (freed men)
What was the role of women in Athens?
-couldn't vote or leave house
-no formal education
-couldn't inherit property
-always the poperty of someone (father, husband)
-only profession = prostiution
Role of Individualism in Athens
to promote/ glorify the individual
What is an open society? (matching)
one in which citizens, goods, and ideas can move/travel freel
What is a closed society? (matching)
refused all cultural contact (opposite of open society)
What is ostracism? (matching)
a way of removing a corrupt political official
What is an oligarchy? (matching)
rule by a few
What is a pure democracy? (matching)
aka direct democracy
all political citizens vote directly on issues
What is a republic? (matching)
a type of democracy with representatives not elected by citizens
What is ecomonic worth? (matching)
the idea that economic contribution leads to political citizenship
What is a cultural diffuser? (matching)
What is a democratic-republic? (matching)
citizens elect representatives
What is a cultural linker? (mathcing)
preserves culture for future generations