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Flashcards in Ancient Greece Deck (79)
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1

Origins of Western civilization

Minoans -- Island of Crete

2

What factors contributed to the rise of Minoan society?

large navy and merchant fleet
prolonged peace
cultural contact with Egypt & the Near East
-Mesopotamia

3

Causes of Mycenae's war with Troy
(2 major rivals)

Helen
Blocked (Mycenaen) tade routes
Clash of cultures

4

How did Mycenaen society come to an end

Through a series of invasions by the Dorians

5

Whn were the Greek Dark Ages?

1100 - 800 BCE

6

What was life like during the Greek Dar Ages?

constant warfare
art and culture decreased
people went back to nomadic hunt/gather
deep-rooted hatreds develop
no centralization

7

What was the impact of Greek colonizatino (800 - 500 BCE)?

Greek colonies took on the image of Greek city-states; colonies expanded trade and resources; diffusion of Greek culture; war with Persia; development of humanism

8

What is Humanism?

the belief that people are good and have unlimited potential when given the opportunity; self reliant; capable of great achievement

9

List the political reforms of Solon

-cancelled all debt (public/private)
-made everyone equal under the law
-trial by jury (used lottery system)
-Amnesty for political crimes
-Graduated tax system

10

Lies the political reforms of Cleisthenes

-made all Athenian men voting members of the Assembly
-transforms Athens from a dictarorship to direct democracy
-Establishes ostracism (loss of citizenship & property and exiled for 10 years)

11

What was the role of the individual in Sparta?

serve the state

12

What was the impact of cultural contact with the MInoans on acient Greece?

the torch of knowledge got passed from the Minoans to the Mycenaens

13

Know the weaknesses of the Athenian deocratic process

slow; inefficient; decentralized; selected leader with the lottery system

14

List Peisistratus' reforms

-divided state owned land amon the poor
-Divided land owned by banished aristocrats to the poor workfare (build temples, roads etc.)
-offered gov't support to colonists
-expanded foreign markets
-BUTTER over GUNS

15

What was the Spartan Solution?

all guns, no butter

16

What were the causes of the Peloponnesian War?

Athens spread democracy; Sparta spreads totalitarian (autocracy)
2 major powers in the region
Athens trade in Peloponnesus
Competition for neutral city-states

17

Know the Spartan political structure

2 Kings (Dual Monarchy)
Spartan Citizens
Periocci (freed men)
Helots (Serfs)

18

What was the role of women in Athens?

-couldn't vote or leave house
-no formal education
-couldn't inherit property
-always the poperty of someone (father, husband)
-only profession = prostiution

19

Role of Individualism in Athens

to promote/ glorify the individual

20

What is an open society? (matching)

one in which citizens, goods, and ideas can move/travel freel

21

What is a closed society? (matching)

refused all cultural contact (opposite of open society)

22

What is ostracism? (matching)

a way of removing a corrupt political official

23

What is an oligarchy? (matching)

rule by a few

24

What is a pure democracy? (matching)

aka direct democracy
all political citizens vote directly on issues

25

What is a republic? (matching)

a type of democracy with representatives not elected by citizens

26

What is ecomonic worth? (matching)

the idea that economic contribution leads to political citizenship

27

What is a cultural diffuser? (matching)

spreads culture

28

What is a democratic-republic? (matching)

citizens elect representatives

29

What is a cultural linker? (mathcing)

preserves culture for future generations

30

Battle of Marathon (matching)

Greeks defeat King Darius I (490 BCE) -- Spartans weren't there