Anatomy Overview 2 Flashcards Preview

07. Year 2: Alimentary System > Anatomy Overview 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Overview 2 Deck (99)
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1

In this picture, what are the vertical and horizontal lines?

Vertical are midclavicular lines

Horizontal lines are subcostal plane (superior) and transpyloric plane (inferior)

2

What are some examples of foregut diseases?

Peptic ulcer

Gastric disease

Bilary disease

Pancreatic disease

Hepatic disease

3

What are some examples of midgut diseases?

Appendicitis

Small bowel obstruction

'Proximal' colon cancer

4

What are some examples of hindgut diseases?

Large bowel obstruction

Diverticular disease

Carcinoma of colon

5

Why do we divide the abdomen into 9 areas?

To localise pain to understand what disease/pathology is causing it

6

How long is the oesophagus?

25cm

7

How many constrictions does the oesophagus have?

3

8

What are the 3 constrictions of the oesophagus?

Cervical (pharyngo-oesophageal)

Thoracic (broncho-aortic) cross by arch of aorta and left main bronchus

Diaphragmatic  where is passes through the oesophageal hiatus

9

How far is the cervical constriction of the oesophagus from the incisor teeth?

15cm

10

How far is the thoracic constriction of the oesophagus from the incisor teeth?

22.5cm and 27.5cm

11

How far is the diaphragmatic constriction of the oesophagus from the incisor teeth?

40cm

12

Why is awareness of the 3 oesophagus constrictions important?

For passing instruments through the oesophagus into the stomach

13

What are the different parts of the stomach?

Cardia

Fundus

Body

Pyloric

14

What are the 2 curvatures of the stomach?

Greater curvature

Lesser curvature

15

What is the purpose of the pyloric sphincter?

Control discharge of stomach contents into the duodenum

16

What is the stomach bed formed by?

Diaphragm, spleen, left kidney, adrenal gland, splenic artery, pancreas, transverse mesocolon and colon

17

What are some examples of clinical stomach issues?

Congenital pyloric stenosis

Carcinoma of the stomach

Gastric ulcers and vagotomy

18

What is congenital pyloric stenosis?

Thickening of the smooth muscle in the pyloris

19

Where does the liver lie relative to the ribs?

Deep to ribs 7 to 11 on the right side

20

What is the portal triad?

Distinctive component of a hepatic lobule found rubbing along each of the lobules corners that consists of branches of the hepatic artery, hepatic portal vein and bile ducts

21

What is the portal triad formed from?

Hepatic artery

Hepatic portal vein

Bile ducts

22

What do bilary ducts carry?

Bile from the liver to the gallbladder

23

Where is bile produced?

Liver

24

Where is bile stored?

Stored and concentrated in the gallbladder

25

What is the artery of the gallbladder?

Cystic artery

26

Where does the cystic artery lie?

In the triangle of calot

27

What is the pancreas?

Accessory digestive gland

28

What kind of gland is the pancreas?

Both exocrine and endocrine

29

What does the exocrine pancreas produce?

Pancreatic juice

30

What does the endocrine pancreas produce?

Insulin and glucagon