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Flashcards in Anatomy and Physiology Deck (92)
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1

Cells make up TISSUE. List the 4 types of tissue.

1. Connective tissue.
2. Epithelial tissue.
3. Muscle tissue.
4. Nerve tissue.

2

There are _____ bones in the skeletal system?

206 bones.

3

Bones are connected by moveable and immoveable _____?

Tendons.

4

There are 5 primary functions of the skeletal system:
1. Give support & shape to the body.
2. Protect internal organs and structures.
3. Store calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sodium.
4. ?
5. ?

4. Helps produce white/red blood cells.
5. Serve as attachment for muscles.

5

Cranial Bone
Occipital bone is located:

Back of the skull.

6

Cranial Bone
Parietal bone is located:

Sides of head and crown.

7

Cranial Bone
Frontal bone is located:

Forehead.

8

Cranial Bone
Temporal bone is located:

Ear region. (Side of head)

9

Cranial Bone
Ethmoid bone is light, spongey an is located:

Between eye sockets.

10

Cranial Bone
Sphenoid bone is important because:

It joins all crucial bones of the head together.

11

Facial Bone
Nasal bone is located:

Bridge of the nose.

12

Facial Bone
Lacrimal bones are the smallest, and most fragile and are located:

Front side of the eye socket.

13

Facial Bone
Zygomatic bones are located:

Prominent part of cheeks.

14

Facial Bone
Maxillary Bones are located:

Upper jaw.

15

Facial Bones
Mandible bone is located:

Lower jaw.

16

Facial Bone
Turbinal bones are layers of spongey bone on either side of:

Nasal depression.

17

Facial Bone
Vomer bone is a flat, thin bone and forms part of:

The nasal septum.

18

Facial Bone
Palatine bone is located:

Hard palette of the mouth.

19

What are the 2 main functions of the MUSCULAR system?

1. Covers, and shapes the body.
2. Supports the skeletal system.

20

What are 3 types of MUSCLE tissue?

1. Striated muscles.
2. Non-striated muscles.
3. Cordial muscles.

21

The ______ is the part of the muscle that does not move.

Origin.

22

The _______ is the part of the muscle at the more moveable attachment to the skeleton.

Insertion.

23

Pressure in the massage is usually directed from the _____ to the _____. A.E.I.O.U.

Insertion to the Origin.

24

The _______ is the broad muscle that covers the top of the skull.

Epicranius.

25

The master and temporalis muscles are sometimes referred toastier the _______ muscles.

Chewing muscles.

26

The maseteter and temporalis muscles are sometimes referred to as the _______ muscles.

Chewing muscles.

27

The ______ covers the bridge of the nose and lowers the eyebrows.

Procerus.

28

The muscle, ______ covers the bridge of the nose and lowers the eyebrows.

Procerus.

29

The buccinator compresses the cheeks and:

Expels air between the lips.

30

This muscle draws the corner of the mouth out and back and makes us smile. _______ obicularis.

Risorious obicularis.