Anatomy 2 and 3 - How do clinicians communicate + Body Systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy 2 and 3 - How do clinicians communicate + Body Systems Deck (37)
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1

Word for when patient is lying on their tummy flat?

Prone

2

Plane which cuts you vertically (one arm and leg in each halve)?

Sagittal plane (longitudinal)

3

Plane that slices you into anterior and posterior parts?

Coronal plane (frontal)

4

Plane which cuts you horizontally?

Axial (transverse) plane

5

Other name for inferior?

Caudal

6

Name for anterior and posterior surface of wrist?

Anterior = volar
Posterior = dorsal

7

Name for anterior and posterior surface of hand?

A = palmar
P = dorsal

8

Name for anterior and posterior surface of tongue?

A (top) = dorsal
P = ventral

9

Name for superior and inferior surface of foot?

S = dorsal
I = Plantar

10

What is the word used to describe a single structure located at the median plane?

Midline

11

What is the name of a sagittal plane taken right in the midline?

Median (median sagittal) plane - paramedian if exactly parallel to the median plane

12

Opposite of ipsilateral?

Contralateral (structures lie on opposite sides of the body)

13

What is the name for decreasing the angle between the bones at a joint? Opposite?

Flexion
Extension

14

What is the name for movement away from the median plane? Opposite?

Abduction
Adduction

15

What is the name when the anterior surface of a limb rotates towards the median plane? Opposite (each has 2 names)

Internal/ medial rotation
External/ lateral rotation

16

What is the name for a circular motion at a joint?

Circumduction

17

What is the name for when the sole of the foot rotates away from the median plane?Opposite?

Eversion
Inversion

18

What s the name for flexion at the ankle joint (as if walking up a hill)? Opposite?

Dorsiflexion
Plantar flexion

19

What is the name when the anterior surface of the forearm rotates such that the palm of the hand faces posteriorly? Opposite?Name for position of forearm when midway between the supine and prone positions?

Pronation
Supination
Semi-prone

20

Name for when thumb and pinky come together?Opposite?

Opposition
Reposition

21

Name for when you spread your fingers out and opposite?

Abduction
Adduction

22

2 phrases that can be used to describe wiggling 3rd digit at the metacarpopharyngeal joint?

Lateral abduction
Medial abduction

23

Taking the thumb anteriorly away from the palm name?Opposite?

Abduction
Adduction

24

Name for taking the thumb laterally away from, and in the corneal plane of, the palm?Oppsoite

Extension
Flexion

25

Name for superior and inferior movement of the shoulders?

Elevation
Depression

26

Name for anterior movement and posterior movement of lower jaw?

Protrusion
Retrusion

27

Name for anterior movement and posterior movement of shoulder?

Protraciton
Retraction

28

What is the system that consists of the skin, nails, hair and exocrine glands and protects the body from various types of damage?

Integumentary system

29

What are the 4 basic tissue types?

Muscle
Epithelia (covers the external surface of the body and lines hollow structures)
Nerves
Connective tissue

30

What is an organ?

A group of tissues acting together to perform a specific function(s)