Anatomical Terms Ch 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomical Terms Ch 7 Deck (23)
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1

What refers to the structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to each other.

Anatomy

2

This refers to the function of the living body

Physiology

3

Patieent lying face up on back

Supine

4

Patient lying face down on stomach

Prone

5

Patient lying on his left or right side

Lateral recumbent (recovery) position

6

Patient lying on back with upper body elevated 45-60 angle

Fowlers position

7

Patient lying on back with upper body elevated less than 45 angle

Semi-Fowlers position

8

Patient lying on back with legs elevated higher than the head and body on an inclined plane.

Trendelenburg position

9

Only feet and legs elevated 12 inchesw

Shock position

10

Also known as the median plane, is a vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into left and right segments

Sagittal Plane

11

Divides the body into front and back halves

Frontal or coronal plane

12

Is parallel with ground and divides body into upper and lower halves

Transverse or horizontal plane

13

Line through the middle of the body from head down through the legs to the feet

Midline

14

Line drawn from the patients armpit down to the ankle

Midaxillary line

15

Patients front
patients back

Anterior
Posterior

16

Line drawn horizontally through patients waist

Transverse line

17

above the waist
below the waist

superior
inferior

18

Towards the front
Towards the back

anterior
posterior

19

means toward the head above the point of reference
meaans toward the feet or below the point of reference

superior
inferior

20

towaards the back or backbone
towards the front or belly

dorsal
ventral

21

towards the midline or center of the body
towards the left or right of the midline, away from the midline of the body

medial
lateral

22

means near the point of reference
means distant or far from the point of reference

proximal
distal

23

refers to the sole of the foot
refers to the palm of the hand

plantar
palmar