Anatomical Positions & Body Planes/Directions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomical Positions & Body Planes/Directions Deck (25)
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1

lying flat on the back with knees bent

 

-vaginal/rectal exams

 

Dorsal Recumbent

2

upright sitting position with the exam table raised to a 90 degree angle; best position to help a patient who is having difficulty breathing

 

(semi-position shown)

Fowler's

3

lying flat on the table with buttocks at the end of the table and feet resting in stirrups (ex: vaginal/rectal examination)

Lithotomy

4

lying flat on the abdomen with arms above head

 

exam of spine/back

Prone

5

lying flat on the back with arms down to the side (used for doing an EKG, measuring an infant, any procedure that requires a patient to be lying on their back)

 

breast/abdominal exams

Supine

6

lying on left side with the left leg slightly flexed and the right leg flexed at a 90 degree angle (exams involving the rectum and administering enemas)

Sim's (lateral)

7

legs elevated above the head to force circulation to vital organs (effective in raising a patient's low blood pressure)

Trendelenburg

8

The client lies prone with buttocks elevated and knees drawn to the chest to accommodate rectal procedure or examination.

Knee-Chest Position

9

divides the body into anterior and posterior sections

Coronal/Frontal

10

divides the body into left and right

Sagittal

11

divides the body into top (superior) and bottom (inferior) parts

Transverse

12

at or near the front of the body (front view)

Anterior

13

at or near the back of the body (back view)

Posterior

14

an imaginary vertical line that divides the body equally (right down the middle)

Midline

15

farther from midline (side view)

Lateral

16

nearer to midline (side view)

Medial

17

toward the head/upper part of a structure (bird's eye view, looking down)

Superior

18

away from the head/lower part of a structure (bottom view, looking up)

Inferior

19

close to to the surface of the body

Superficial

20

away from the surface of the body

Deep

21

nearer to the origination of a structure

Proximal

22

farther from the origination of a structure

Distal

23

refers to two structures with one on each side of the body

Bilateral

24

means the same side of the body

Ipsilateral

25

means the opposite side of the body

Contralateral