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Flashcards in Anaesthetic Test Deck (16)
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1

How long should animal be starved for before surgery

Atleast 12 hours

2

Aims of premed

To reduce anxiety, to enable smooth induction

3

Hazards of anaesthetic gases to humans

Fatigue, sleepiness, muscle weakness, learning disability’s
Birth defects

4

Minimising hazards of anaesthetic gases

Inflate cuff correctly, don’t turn vaporiser on until circuit is attatched, pressure test and eliminate leaks, all waste gases are scavenged

5

Ways to minimise pain in patient

Comfort, dry warm bedding and housing, minimal noise and disturbances, caring attitude towards patient

6

Signs of pain

Vocalisation, no eating, lameness, increased grooming, decreased activity

7

Categorisation of pain

Acute and chronic

8

Respiratory arrest signs

Slow irregular respiration
No chest movement, grey mucous membrane

9

Cardiac arrest signs

No pulse or heart rate detected
Grey or blue membranes
Breathing stops
Dilated pupils
Loss of jaw tone

10

Laryngospasm

Occur during intubation and extubation

11

Signs of laryngospams

Distress or struggling
Noisy, snoring respiration
Exaggerated lift to chest wall

12

What to do to prevent laryngospasm

Laryngoscope, selection of et tubes, keep patient calm
Monitor with extubation and be prepared with oxygen

13

Hypothermia treatment

Keep surgery as short as possible
Used warm fluids
Use bear hugger
Use heat pad

14

What do you need for patient history

Appetite/ fasted, last toilet, any vomiting, previous illness, current illnesses any medications

15

Patient data needed

Age, sex, weight, breed

16

What’s in a close examination

Temperature, MM, heart and lungs, pulse rate and quality, hydration, weight, respiratory rate, CRT