Flashcards in Allergies Deck (17)
Define and allergen
Sensitivity caused by immune system to specific proteins in a food
Name some allergen stats
2-8% of children
5-10% of general population
(T/F) There is a cure of food allergies
What are the 5 main body systems where allergens target?
What are the top 10 priority food allergens? (4S, PT, EMM, W)
(4S Part-Time EMMy Winner)
Wheat (and other cereals containing gluten)
What percent of the population is at risk for anaphylaxis in Canada?
What are the 3 ways allergens can elicit an allergic reaction?
Absorbed through skin (extremely rare)
Name some changes being made regarding allergens and the new labelling requirements
-Gluten sources, mustard and sulphites must be listed
-Common name must be used
-Common name for the plant sources of hydrolyzed plant protein must be included (i.e. hydrolyzed SOY protein)
-"Contains" in bold, "May contain" optional
What is celiac disease?
Autoimmune disorder where ingesting gluten will damage the brush border to the intestine.
What foods contain gluten?
Generally, in BROWS
Some Sauces (i.e. soy sauce)
What is the treatment for celiac disease?
Life-long adherence to a gluten free diet
Name some kitchen tips for keeping foods free from contaminants
-Avoid cross contamination
-Wash hands frequently
-Prepare food containing ingredient last
-Remember that allergens (proteins) are not microbes, therefore sanitizers may not work.
What are the 7 steps to the allergen control plan (ACP) ?
*Hint: very similar to HACCP*
IC - MEC-VD
1. Allergen mapping
2. Set critical limits
3. Set monitoring procedures for critical points
4. Corrective actions
7. Improve as necessary
How can allergens be mapped?
-Clean up procedures
-reworking of recipes
What is the acceptable criterion for amount of gluten in foods (i.e. but labelled gluten-free)? Sulfates? Peanuts?
Gluten: < 20 ppm
Sulfates: < 10 ppm
PeanutsL < 25 ppm alfatoxin
How can monitoring procedures be conducted?
RIDA swab (as performed in lab)