Flashcards in Aircraft Certificates and Documents Deck (23)
What documents are required to for an airplane to be compliant before flight?
- Airworthiness Certificate (FAR 91.203)
- Registration Certificate (FAR 91.203)
- Radio Station License (international flights only)
- Operating Handbook (FAR 91.9)
- Weight and Balance (FAR 23.1589)
What are the required inspections of an airplane to be compliant according to regulations (91.409)?
- Annual inspection every 12 calendar months
- 100-hour inspection if the aircraft is used for training or operated for hire
- Transponder every 24 months
- Altimeter every 24 months if IFR
- ELT every 12 calendar months (91.207)
- VOR every 30 days if using in IFR
What are AD's (airworthiness directives)?
Airworthiness Directives (ADs) are legally enforceable rules issued by the FAA in accordance with 14 CFR part 39 to correct an unsafe condition in a product. 14 CFR part 39 defines a product as an aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, or appliance. Compliance is mandatory.
What is the responsibility of aircraft owners/operators of AD's?
Aircraft owners and operators are responsible for ensuring compliance with the requirements of all ADs that apply to their aircraft. Anyone who operates a product that does not meet the requirements of an applicable AD is in violation of 14 CFR 39.7.
What is a Special Airworthiness Information Bulletin?
A SAIB is an information tool that alerts, educates, and makes Recommendations to the aviation community. SAIBs contain non-regulatory information and guidance that does not meet the criteria for an Airworthiness Directive (AD)
What is the purpose and procedure for obtaining a special flight permit?
A special flight permit may be issued for an aircraft that may not currently meet applicable airworthiness requirements but is capable of safe flight, for the following purposes: 1) Flying the aircraft to a base where repairs, alterations, or maintenance are to be performed, or to a point of storage. 2) Move the aircraft from impeding danger, etc
Special Flight Permit must submit a statement in a form (FAAForm 8130-6, online type-able in PDF format) and manner prescribed by the Administrator indicating the purpose of flight, itinerary, crew, etc.
What are some of the pilot-performed preventive maintenance allowed? (Part 43 Appendix A)
Replacing tires, servicing landing gear (grease), fluid replacement, oil changes, replacing safety belts, replacing bulbs, replace spark plugs, batteries. Must be the registered owner/operator.
Simple, minor preservation operations and the replacement of small standard parts not involving complex assembly operations.
The maintenance done on the airplane must be entered into the record book. A description of the work performed, date, along with name, signature, certificate number, and type of certificate held.
What is the equipment requirement for day VFR flight? (91.205)
Airspeed indicator, altimeter, magnetic direction indicator, tachometer, oil pressure gauge, temperature gauge, oil temperature gauge, manifold pressure gauge, fuel gauge, landing gear position indicator, approved safety belts and shoulder harness (1978 and older), ELT
What is the equipment requirement for night VFR flight? (91.205)
All instruments specified for VFR day flights with the addition of approved position lights, anti-collision lights, and extra fuses. FLAPS (fuses, landing light (for hire), anticollision lights (red/white), position lights, source of electrical energy
Inoperative equipment okay to fly?
a pilot, who is certificated and appropriately rated under 14 CFR part 61, or a person, who is certificated and appropriately rated to perform maintenance on the aircraft, must determine that the inoperative instrument or equipment does not constitute a hazard to the aircraft.
What the Required Discrepancy Records or Placards for one performing maintenance under Part 91?
Part 43.11 states that any person approving or disapproving the return of aircraft to service must log an entry in the maintenance record that includes the type of inspection, description of the work preformed, date, signature, certificated number, and Type of certificate.
In addition, the person approving the aircraft must log a statement in the maintenance records stating that the work was performed in accordance with the type of inspection and it in airworthy condition.
A statement must also be made stating what equipment in inoperative and a placard must be placed on the instrument prior to operation.
What is airplane airworthiness?
The pilot in command of a civil aircraft is responsible for determining whether that aircraft is in condition for safe flight. The pilot in command shall discontinue the flight when unairworthy mechanical, electrical, or structural conditions occur.
If you are an aircraft owner or operator, remember to review the logbooks after the aircraft is returned from maintenance. Ensure that the proper inspections, repairs, and airworthiness directives are completed and logged, and the logbooks contain a statement approving the aircraft for return to service.
As the registered owner of an aircraft, FAR 91.403 makes you responsible for maintaining the aircraft in an airworthy condition. This includes complying with all FAA airworthiness directives (ADs) issued for your aircraft, engine, and equipment.
What is a Minimum Equipment List?
A minimum equipment list is a user-friendly, black-and-white way to determine whether problems affect the safety and legality of a flight. As the name implies, an MEL lists the specific minimum equipment and instruments that must properly operate before an airplane can legally fly. MELs are aircraft-specific right down to a registered aircraft and its owner.
An MEL identifies the aircraft's equipment and instruments individually, and specifies each item that may be inoperative for various combinations of day and night VFR and IFR operations. If an item isn't required by the MEL for the intended operation, the airplane may be legally flown if the item is either removed, or deactivated and placarded.
What are the registration requirements for an airplane?
Effective October 1, 2010, aircraft owners are required to re-register their aircraft every three years. Must be in the aircraft at all times along the Airworthiness Certificate.
What is an Airworthiness Certificate?
An Airworthiness Certificate is issued by a representative of the FAA after the aircraft has been inspected, is found to meet the requirements of 14 CFR part 21, and is in condition for safe operation. The Airworthiness Certificate must be displayed in the aircraft so it is legible to the passengers and crew whenever it is operated. The Airworthiness Certificate is transferred with the aircraft except when it is sold to a foreign purchaser.
What is the difference b/w a standard & special airworthiness certificate?
Standard - normal, utility, acrobatic, commuter, transport
Special - primary, limited, light sport aircraft
What conditions must be met for an aircraft to be considered airworthy?
The aircraft must conform to its type design (drawings, specs, tests). Aircraft must be in a condition for safe operation.
How does a pilot determine if an aircraft conforms to its approved type design and is in a safe condition for flight?
For type design, the pilot must confirm that the maintenance, preventative maintenance, and alterations have been performed in accordance with 14 CFR 21, 43, and 91. Must be properly documented.
For safe operation, pilot conducts pre-flight inspection for wear and tear, leaks, tire wear, inoperative instruments, etc.
What records or documents should be checked to determine that the owner/operator of an aircraft has complied with all required inspections and AD's?
The maintenance records in short.
What are the two types of AD's?
Emergency AD's - these require immediate compliance before flight. Regular AD's which require compliance in a certain time frame.
What is a type certificate data sheet?
The FAA issues a type certificate when a new aircraft, engine, propeller, is found to meet safety standards set forth by the FAA.
What is an aircraft registration certificate?
Before an aircraft can be flown legally, it must be registered with the FAA Aircraft Registry. Must be carried in the aircraft at all times.