What does 602.73 Requirement to file a Flight Plan or Flight Itinerary state about IFR and VFR flights?
All IFR are required to file (with some exceptions)
All VFR aircraft or required to file a flight planoritinerary when beyond 25 NMs from the departure point
All VFR and IFR are required to file a flight plan, in any case, for a trans-boarder flight(in or outside 25 NMs)
What do you do if you decide to change your destination, route, or duration mid flight?
Flight plan - get clearance from ATC in controlled airspace
Flight iterinary - inform ATC, FSS or CARS (or responsible person) ASAP in controlled or uncontrolled airspace.
How long do VFR aircraft have to close their flight plan and flight itinerary?
Flight plan - 1 hour
Flight itinerary - 24 hours
Do IFR aircraft have to close when landing at a destination with an ATC or FSS?
No, unless requested
What are the regulations regarding carry on baggage?
Must be stowed in a bin, compartment, rack or other location that is certified in accordance with the aircraft type and restrained to prevent them from shifting during movement of the aircraft
How much of a fuel reserve should VFR aircraft have?
Day flights - to destination + a 30 minute reserve
Night flights - to destination + a 45 minute reserve
What must passengers be briefed on before take-off, according to 602.89?
Emergency and normal exits
Safety belts, shoulder harnesses and restraint devices
The positioning of seats and the securing of seat backsand chair tables
The stowage of carry-on baggage
Any prohibition against smoking
Life preservers, individual flotation devices or personal flotation devices
First aid kits and survival equipment
As stated in 602.96, before operating an aircraft at an aerodrome, what must the pilot be sure of?
No potential of collision with another aircraft or vehicle
Aerodrome is suitable for the intended operation
Unless otherwise directed, which direction should aircraft turn while in the aerorome traffic circuit?
How should an aircraft land and takeoff relative to the wind?
Into the wind
What are two exceptions to not being able to fly less than 2000' AGL over an aerodrome?
For the purpose of landing/takeoff
Unless directed/authorized by ATC
Describe MF reporting procedures
What should an aircraft operating within a MF area be equipped with? What should the PIC be doing?
Must be equipped with proper radio communication equipment
PIC should maintain a listening watch at the specified frequency
The PIC of a NORDO VFR aircraft may operate to/from an U/C aerodrome within a MF area if:
ground station is in operation at the A/D
Prior noticegiven to ground station of intention to operate at A/D
When conducting T/O, PIC confirms visuallly that no danger of collision with other traffic exists
when approaching to land, the A/C enters the A/D traffic circuit so as to complete two sides of the circuit before turning onto final approach
Describe how a NORDO aircraft can enter a MF area
Why is it is essential that you’re aware of other traffic and exchange information when approaching (or departing) an uncontrolled aerodrome?
Some aircraft may not have communicatons capability
How can information be exchanged with an FSS, CARS, UNICOM, or vehicle operators?
By directed transmissions or with other aircraft by broadcast transmissions
What is ATF? What is it normally designated for?
Aerodrome Traffic Frequency - all radio equipped aircraft in area are on the same frequency
Normally designated for active uncontrolled aerodromes that do not meet MF criteria
Describe reporting in an ATF area
Describe the size of an zone designated as MF or ATF
Circle with a 5NM radius capped at 3000 feet AAE
At what altitude should you cross over an aerodrome prior to joining the circuit?
at least 500 feet above ciruit altitude
What should you report when flying continious circuits? When can you initiate the turn?
You can initiate the turn at 500’ after take-off
Report entering downwind
Report established on final
Report clear of the active runway after the final landing.
In MF/ATF zones, what should you report when taxiing on maneuvering areas?
Report intentions and maintain a listening watch prior to entering the manoeuvring area
In non MF/ATF aerodromes, at what frequency should position reporting be made?
At non-MF aerodromes (or when MF procedures are not invoked), what should you be on the lookout for?
NORDO traffic may also be established in or be entering the circuit without other traffic or the ground station being aware
If the aerodrome is equipped with an IFR approach, IFR arrivals may also be landing via straight-in or circling procedures
Describe the VFR weather minima as outlined in 602.114
605.03 Flight Authority (C of A) states that no person shall operate an aircraft in flight unless:
The C of A is in effect
The aircraft is operated in accordance with the conditions set out in C of A
The C of A is carried on boardthe aircraft
What does 605.04 Availability of Aircraft Flight Manual state?
The A/C flight manual must be on board and availableto the flight crew members at their duty stations
What does 605.08 Unserviceable and Removed Equipment - General state about taking off in an aircraft with unservicable equipment?
No person shall conduct a take-off in an aircraft that has equipment that is not serviceable or from which equipment has been removed if, in the opinion of the pilot-in-command, aviation safety is affected
What equipment must power-driven aircraft for the purpose of DVFR flight have?
Altimeter, airspeed indicator, magnetic compass, tachometer, oil pressure indicator, oil temperature indicator, fuel quantity gauge, 2-way radio communication system
manifold pressure gauge, coolant temperature indicator, landing gear indicator, radio navigation equipment