What conditions must be met to start the engine of an aircraft?
A pilot's seat is occupied by a person who is competent to control the aircraft, and precautions have been taken to prevent the aircraft from moving
What conditions must be met to leave the engine of an aircraft running?
A pilot's seat is occupied by a person who is competent to control the aircraft
Where no persons are on board the aircraft, precautions have been taken to prevent the aircraft from moving, and the aircraft is not left unattended
Define critical surface
The wings, control surfaces, rotors, propellers, horizontal stabilizers, vertical stabilizers or any other stabilizing surface of an aircraft and, in the case of an aircraft that has rear-mounted engines, includes the upper surface of its fuselage
What does 602.11 state about aircraft icing?
No person shall conduct or attempt to conduct a take-offin an aircraft that has frost, ice or snow adhering to any of its critical surfaces
Sight of ice on the aircraft must be reported to the PIC
Crew members and passengers must be notified if the aircraft is to be de-iced
How is lift affected by aircraft icing?
Lift can be decreased by 30-40%
What does 602.13 Take-offs, Approaches and Landings within Built-up Areas of Cities and Towns state? What are the exceptions?
No person shall conduct a take-off, approach or landing in an aircraft within a built-up area of a city or town, unless that take-off, approach or landing is conducted at an airport or a military aerodrome
Exceptions: the flight is conducted without creating a hazard to persons or property on the surface; and the aircraft is operated for a police operation or to save a life
What is the minimum altitude & horizontal distance allowed over a built-up area or over an open-air assembly of persons?
1,000’ above the highest obstacle located within a horizontal distance of 2,000’ from the A/C
In other circumstances: no distance less than 500 feet from any person, vessel, vehicle or structure
What are some examples of permissable low altitude flight?
saving human life
fire-fightingor air ambulance operations
fisheries Act or Coastal Fisheries Protection Act
flight inspection, aerial application or aerial inspection
aerial photography (air operator cert. required)
helicopter external load operations
flight training(flight instructor required)
In the event of a potential collision, what must the PIC with the right of way do?
Take necessary action to avoid collision, and if required in emergency, give right of way to the other aircraft
What are the blind spots created by the wing and fuselage?
When two aircraft are converging at approximately the same altitude, the PIC of the aircraft that has the other on its right shall give way, except in what situations?
Power-driven, heavier-than-air aircraft shall give way to airships, gliders and balloons
Airship shall give way to gliders and balloons
Glider shall give way to balloons
Power-driven aircraft shall give way to aircraft that are seen to be towing gliders or other objects or carrying a slung load.
Where an aircraft is required to give way to another aircraft, the P.I.C of the first-mentioned aircraft shall not:
Pass over or under, orcross ahead of, the other aircraft unless at such a distance as will not create a risk of collision
Where two aircraft are approaching head-on or approximately so and there is a risk of collision, what should each PIC do?
Alter heading to the right
Two aircraft are approaching an aerodrome for the purpose of landing. Who has the right of way?
The aircraft at the lower altitude
What does 602.21 Avoidance of Collision state?
No person shall operate an aircraft in such proximity to another aircraft as to create a risk of collision
602.22Towing states that no person shall operate an aeroplane that is towing an object unless it is equipped with:
An approved tow hook and release control system
Is the dropping of objects from aircraft permitted?
602.24 Formation Flight states that no person shall operate an aircraft in formation with other aircraft. What are the exceptions?
Pre-arrangement between the P.I.C of each aircraft or where the flight is conducted within a control zone
In what areas is parachuting from an aircraft prohibited?
In controlled airspace
Over or into a built-up area or an open-air assembly of persons
Where are aerobatic maneuvers prohibited?
Over a built-up area or an open-air assembly of persons
In controlled airspace, except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate
When flight visibility is less than 3 miles
Below 2,000 feet AGL, except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate
Aerobatic maneuvres are prohibited with passengers unless P.I.C has engaged in:
At least 10 hours dual flight instruction in the conducting of aerobatic maneuvres or 20 hours conducting aerobatic maneuvres; and at least 1 hour of conducting aerobatic maneuvres in the last 6 months
ATC directs an instruction at you. How do you respond?
Comply and acknowledge the instruction
Read back is required
After accepting an ATC clearance, your safety is at risk. What do you do?
Inform ATC ASAP of any deviations
Is read back required for ATC clearances?
Only when requested
What emergency equipment is required aboard a power-driven aircraft?
A checklist or placards
Current aeronautical charts
Hand-held fire extinguisher in the cockpit
Timepiece (indication of seconds)
Flashlight(“means of illumination” for night flying)
First aid kit
Survival equipment for flights over land must include means for:
Starting a fire
Providing or purifying water
Visually signaling distress
What are the exceptions for having survival equipment on flights over land?
Operations within 25 nm of the aerodrome of departure provided you are capable of radio communication with a surface-based radio station for the duration of the flight
Operations in a geographical area where(and at a time of year when) the survival of the persons on board is not jeopardized
What is required for an aircraft to be permitted to fly over 50nm away from shore?
A life preserver for each person on board
Explain the difference between life preserver, personal floatation device, and individual floatation device
Life preserver - keeps head out of water
Personal floatation device - keeps body out of water
Individual floatation device - something to hold onto to keep afloat in the water
When is an aircraft required to have a liferaft on board?
S/E aeroplane, or a M/E aeroplane that is unable to maintain flight with any engine failed when operating at more than 100 Nm, or the distance that can be covered in 30 minutes of flight at the cruising speed filed in the flight plan or flight itinerary, whichever distance is the lesser, from a suitable emergency landing site
M/E aeroplane that is able to maintain flight with any engine failed at more than 200 NM, or the distance that can be covered in 60 minutesof flightat the cruising speed filed in the flight plan or flight itinerary, whichever distance is the lesser, from a suitable emergency landing site