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Flashcards in Air Law Deck (178)
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91

What conditions must be met to start the engine of an aircraft?

A pilot's seat is occupied by a person who is competent to control the aircraft, and precautions have been taken to prevent the aircraft from moving

92

What conditions must be met to leave the engine of an aircraft running?

A pilot's seat is occupied by a person who is competent to control the aircraft

Where no persons are on board the aircraft, precautions have been taken to prevent the aircraft from moving, and the aircraft is not left unattended

93

Define critical surface

The wings, control surfaces, rotors, propellers, horizontal stabilizers, vertical stabilizers or any other stabilizing surface of an aircraft and, in the case of an aircraft that has rear-mounted engines, includes the upper surface of its fuselage

94

What does 602.11 state about aircraft icing?

No person shall conduct or attempt to conduct a take-offin an aircraft that has frost, ice or snow adhering to any of its critical surfaces

Sight of ice on the aircraft must be reported to the PIC

Crew members and passengers must be notified if the aircraft is to be de-iced

95

How is lift affected by aircraft icing?

Lift can be decreased by 30-40%

96

What does 602.13 Take-offs, Approaches and Landings within Built-up Areas of Cities and Towns state? What are the exceptions?

No person shall conduct a take-off, approach or landing in an aircraft within a built-up area of a city or town, unless that take-off, approach or landing is conducted at an airport or a military aerodrome

Exceptions: the flight is conducted without creating a hazard to persons or property on the surface; and the aircraft is operated for a police operation or to save a life

97

What is the minimum altitude & horizontal distance allowed over a built-up area or over an open-air assembly of persons?

1,000’ above the highest obstacle located within a horizontal distance of 2,000’ from the A/C

In other circumstances: no distance less than 500 feet from any person, vessel, vehicle or structure

98

What are some examples of permissable low altitude flight?

police operation

saving human life

fire-fightingor air ambulance operations

fisheries Act or Coastal Fisheries Protection Act

national/provincial parks

flight inspection, aerial application or aerial inspection

aerial photography (air operator cert. required)

helicopter external load operations

flight training(flight instructor required)

99

In the event of a potential collision, what must the PIC with the right of way do?

Take necessary action to avoid collision, and if required in emergency, give right of way to the other aircraft

100

What are the blind spots created by the wing and fuselage?

101

When two aircraft are converging at approximately the same altitude, the PIC of the aircraft that has the other on its right shall give way, except in what situations?

Power-driven, heavier-than-air aircraft shall give way to airships, gliders and balloons

Airship shall give way to gliders and balloons

Glider shall give way to balloons

Power-driven aircraft shall give way to aircraft that are seen to be towing gliders or other objects or carrying a slung load.

102

Where an aircraft is required to give way to another aircraft, the P.I.C of the first-mentioned aircraft shall not:

Pass over or under, orcross ahead of, the other aircraft unless at such a distance as will not create a risk of collision

103

Where two aircraft are approaching head-on or approximately so and there is a risk of collision, what should each PIC do?

Alter heading to the right

104

Two aircraft are approaching an aerodrome for the purpose of landing. Who has the right of way?

The aircraft at the lower altitude

105

What does 602.21 Avoidance of Collision state?

No person shall operate an aircraft in such proximity to another aircraft as to create a risk of collision

106

602.22Towing states that no person shall operate an aeroplane that is towing an object unless it is equipped with:

An approved tow hook and release control system

107

Is the dropping of objects from aircraft permitted?

No

108

602.24 Formation Flight states that no person shall operate an aircraft in formation with other aircraft. What are the exceptions?

Pre-arrangement between the P.I.C of each aircraft or where the flight is conducted within a control zone

109

In what areas is parachuting from an aircraft prohibited?

In controlled airspace

Over or into a built-up area or an open-air assembly of persons

110

Where are aerobatic maneuvers prohibited?

Over a built-up area or an open-air assembly of persons

In controlled airspace, except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate

When flight visibility is less than 3 miles

Below 2,000 feet AGL, except in accordance with a special flight operations certificate

111

Aerobatic maneuvres are prohibited with passengers unless P.I.C has engaged in:

At least 10 hours dual flight instruction in the conducting of aerobatic maneuvres or 20 hours conducting aerobatic maneuvres; and at least 1 hour of conducting aerobatic maneuvres in the last 6 months

112

ATC directs an instruction at you. How do you respond?

Comply and acknowledge the instruction

Read back is required

113

After accepting an ATC clearance, your safety is at risk. What do you do?

Inform ATC ASAP of any deviations

114

Is read back required for ATC clearances?

Only when requested

115

What emergency equipment is required aboard a power-driven aircraft?

A checklist or placards

Current aeronautical charts

Hand-held fire extinguisher in the cockpit

Timepiece (indication of seconds)

Flashlight(“means of illumination” for night flying)

First aid kit

116

Survival equipment for flights over land must include means for:

Starting a fire

Providing shelter

Providing or purifying water

Visually signaling distress

117

What are the exceptions for having survival equipment on flights over land?

Operations within 25 nm of the aerodrome of departure provided you are capable of radio communication with a surface-based radio station for the duration of the flight

Operations in a geographical area where(and at a time of year when) the survival of the persons on board is not jeopardized

118

What is required for an aircraft to be permitted to fly over 50nm away from shore?

A life preserver for each person on board

119

Explain the difference between life preserver, personal floatation device, and individual floatation device

Life preserver - keeps head out of water

Personal floatation device - keeps body out of water

Individual floatation device - something to hold onto to keep afloat in the water

 

120

When is an aircraft required to have a liferaft on board?

S/E aeroplane, or a M/E aeroplane that is unable to maintain flight with any engine failed when operating at more than 100 Nm, or the distance that can be covered in 30 minutes of flight at the cruising speed filed in the flight plan or flight itinerary, whichever distance is the lesser, from a suitable emergency landing site

M/E aeroplane that is able to maintain flight with any engine failed at more than 200 NM, or the distance that can be covered in 60 minutesof flightat the cruising speed filed in the flight plan or flight itinerary, whichever distance is the lesser, from a suitable emergency landing site