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Flashcards in Aeronautical Information Manual Deck (10)
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What type of aeronautical lighting is VASI?

Visual Approach Slope Indicator is a system of lights so arranged to provide visual descent guidance info during an approach to a runway.

Red Over Red - Below guide path
Red Over White - On Glide Path
White Over Red - Above Glide Path


What is PAPI?

Precision Approach Path Indicator uses light units similar to the VASI but are installed in a single row of either two or four light units. usually installed on the left side of the runway.

Four white lights - High (more than 3.5 degrees)
Three white one red - Slightly high (3.2 degrees)
Two white two red - On glide path (3 degrees)
One white three red - Slightly low (2.8 degrees)
Four red lights - Low (2.5 degrees)


What does the operation of an airport rotating beacon during the hours of daylight indicate?

In Class B, Class C, Class D, Class E surface areas, operation of the airport beacon during the hours of daylight often indicates that the ground visibility is less than 3 miles and/or the ceiling is less than 1,000 ft. ATC clearance in accordance with 14 CFR Part 91 is required for landing, takeoff and flight in the traffic pattern.


What are the six types of signs installed at airports?

a) Mandatory instruction sign - red background/white inscription; denotes an entrance to a runway, a critical area, or a prohibited area.
b) Location sign - black background/yellow inscription/yellow border; do not have arrows; used to identify a taxiway or runway location, the boundary of the runway, or identify an ILS critical area.
c) Direction sign - yellow background/black inscription; identifies the designation of the intersecting taxiway (s) leading out of an intersection that a pilot would expect to turn onto or hold short of.
d) Destination sign - yellow background/black inscription and also contain arrows; provides info on locating runways, terminals, cargo areas, and civil aviation areas
e) Information sign - yellow background/black inscription; used to provide the pilot with information on areas that can't be seen from the control tower, applicable radio frequencies and noise abatement procedures, etc.
f) Runway distance remaining signs - black background/white numerical inscription; indicates the distance of the remaining runway in thousands of feet.


What are the different methods a pilot may use to determine the proper runway and traffic pattern use at an airport without an operating control tower?

a) a full time UNICOM station in operation will usually provide wind direction and velocity, favored or designated runway, right or left traffic, altimeter setting, known traffic, NOTAMS's, etc
b) Completely automated wx, radio check capability, and airport advisory info
c) Segmented circle, wind sock, landing strip indicators, traffic pattern indicators
d) chart supplements


What is the 7500 transponder code?



What is the 7600 transponder code?

Communications failure


What is the 7700 transponder code?



What are NOTAM's?

Notices to Airmen. Time critical aeronautical information of either a temporary nature, or not known sufficiently in advance to permit publication on aeronautical charts or in other operational publications, receives immediate dissemination via the National NOTAM system.

This is information that could affect a pilots decision to make a flight. It includes such information as airport or primary runway closures, changes in nav aids, ILS's, radar service availability and other info essential to planned en route, terminal or landing operations.

The NOTAM's can be obtained from a flight service station, printed NOTAM's, DUAT vendors, FAA website


What is a TFR?

Temporary Flight Restriction is a regulatory action issued via the US NOTAM system to restrict certain aircraft from operating within a defined area on a temp basis to protect persons/property in the air or on the ground.

They may be issued due to a hazardous condition, a special event, or as a general warning for the entire FAA airspace