Adolescence and Early Adulthood Flashcards Preview

Y2 LCRS - RDA > Adolescence and Early Adulthood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adolescence and Early Adulthood Deck (13)
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1

Define adolescence.

The phase between childhood and adulthood, beginning with pubertal development.

2

Describe the phases of adolescence.

Early: 11-14 years old
Middle: 14-17 years old
Late: 18+ years

3

Define puberty.

The process of physical changes through which a child’s body matures into an adult body that is capable of sexual reproduction.

4

Define adrenarche.

An increase in adrenal androgen production.
This occurs prior to onset of puberty (between the ages of 6 and 10). During adrenarche the adrenal cortex secretes increased levels of androgens (DHEA, DHEAS).
Manifests clinically as the appearance of axillary and pubic hair, usually about age 8.

5

Define menarche.

The onset of a girl's first menstrual cycle.

6

Summarise the changes in the onset of puberty since the mid-19th century.

Puberty has been starting earlier and earlier. Every decade from 1840 – 1950 has shown a drop of 4 months in the age of Western European girls' menarche.
Could be due to increased nutrition and increased weight of children.

7

At what ages do boys and girls tend to peak during puberty?

Boys - 14 years old
Girls - 12 years old

8

List some of the hormones involved in pubertal development.

- GnRH
- LH
- FSH
- testosterone
- oestradiol
- GH (IGF-1)
- leptin

9

Which psychological changes accompany adolescence?

- cognition (morality)
- identity
- increased self-awareness

10

What is Plaget's cognitive development?

1. Sensorimotor: 0-2 years - putting objects in hands, do not understand object permanence
2. Preoperational: 2-7 years - some logical reasoning
3. Concrete operational: 7-11 years - developed logical reasoning
4. Formal operational: 11+ years - abstract thoughts and hypotheses

11

Which social changes accompany adolescence?

- family (parental surveillance, confiding)
- peers
- romantic relationships
- social role (education, occupation etc)

12

What is Kohlberg's theory of moral development?

1. Pre-conventional - punishment avoidance
2. Conventional - pleasing others, awareness of social order and using this as judgement
3. Post-conventional - abstract thinking, own personal moral compass

13

What does Erikson's developmental stages say about adolescence?

Adolescents may experience internal conflict - identity vs. confusion.