Addiction Counselong Theories Flashcards Preview

Masters In Addiction Counseling > Addiction Counselong Theories > Flashcards

Flashcards in Addiction Counselong Theories Deck (78)
Loading flashcards...
0

A method of counseling that focuses on modifying the clients learned behaviors that are negative affecting his or her life

Behavioral therapy

1

Method of counseling, which is also called individual psychology, were all behavior is believed to be goal directed.

Adlerian psychology

2

A component of Adlerian therapy that is an imagined central goal that gives a client purpose guides his or her behavior

Fictional finalism

3

A component of Adlerian therapy the refers to the clients chosen method of moving through life

Lifestyle

4

Where an adiction counselor or other helping professional attempts to view the world from the same frame of reference as the client to better understand the behavior of the client

Phenomenology

5

The subjective reality is we perceive it

Private logic

6

A component of Adlerian therapy that is an awareness of being a part of the human community and how one interacts with the social world

Social interest

7

A humanistic model of counseling and maintains that everyone is striving toward superiority and perfection and must learn how to cope appropriately inevitable inferiority feelings

Adlerian psychology

8

Utilizes encouragement and a focus on strengths to guide interventions.

Adlerian psychology

9

Model of behavioral therapy developed by Ivan Pavlov where a particular response to stimuli can be elicited overtime by association with a related stimulus

Classical conditioning

10

Model of behavioral therapy developed by BF Skinner where behavior is reinforced and learned based on the consequences of the behavior

Operant conditioning

11

Method of behavioral therapy developed by Albert Bandura where behavior is learned by observing the consequences of someone else's experience

Social learning approach

12

Also referred to as behavioral modification

Behavioral therapy

13

The belief that there are certain laws or processes that govern the initiation, maintenance and cessation of behavior

Common link among behavioral therapy models

14

A component of classical conditioning; an event that produces an unconditioned response when present

Unconditioned stimulus

15

A component of classical conditioning; a natural reaction to an unconditioned stimulus

Unconditioned response

16

A component of classical conditioning; a related person or action to the unconditioned stimulus that causes a conditioned response

Conditioned stimulus

17

A component of classical conditioning; a response that is identical to an unconditioned response, it is elicited by the conditioned stimulus, not the unconditioned stimulus

Conditioned response

18

A component of operant conditioning where something is added or removed from a given situation that increases or decreases the likelihood of that behavior occurring again

Reinforcement

19

A component of operant conditioning were something is added the situation that increases or decreases the likelihood of the behavior occurring again

Positive reinforcement

20

A component of operant conditioning where an unpleasant stimulus is removed from the situation that increases or decreases the likelihood of the behavior occurring again

Negative reinforcement

21

Where there are tokens or rewards given for periods of abstinence. This practice is commonly used in 12 step programs

Contingency management or behavioral contracting

22

Where the clients vocation, social ties, recreational activities and family play a role in reinforcing healthy behavior

Community reinforcement

23

Where the client learns the skills necessary to resist negative influences and behaviors in his or her life

Assertion training

24

Where the client is constantly exposed to the triggers and cues that are known to result in psychoactive substance use

Cue exposure treatment

25

Where the client imagines him or herself abusing a psychoactive substance, then immediately visualizes a horrible consequence because of the use

Covert sensitization

26

Where psychoactive substance use is paired with a very unpleasant feeling, such as electric shock or nausea, in hopes that the client Will associate the unpleasant feeling with the psychoactive substances

Aversion therapy

27

An approach the therapy that includes a shorter time period And fewer sessions then traditional therapy

Brief therapy

28

Phases of brief therapy

Induction phase, alliance – pretreatment, refocus/change, termination/homework, continuation/follow up

29

Client makes the decision six therapy. Counselor or helping professional assesses clients willingness to change. Production addiction professional also evaluates clients stage of change and structures in therapy session to match the clients motivational level.

Induction phase