Absolute Monarchs in Europe - Chapter 21 Flashcards Preview

World History > Absolute Monarchs in Europe - Chapter 21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Absolute Monarchs in Europe - Chapter 21 Deck (26)
Loading flashcards...
1

Important leader of Russia who started westernization

Peter the Great

2

Belief that nothing could be known for certain

Skepticism

3

Conflict over religion, territory, and power among European ruling families

Thirty Years’ War

4

French king who was an absolute ruler

Louis XIV

5

Leader of Prussia who sought to increase its territory

Frederick the Great

6

King of England who was executed

Charles I

7

Order that gave Huguenots the right to live in peace in Catholic France

Edict of Nantes

8

Period after the monarchy was restored in England

Restoration

9

Chief Minister of Finance under Louis XIV

Jean Baptiste Colbert

10

Idea that a ruler receives the right to rule from God

Divine Right

11

Chief minister of France who reduced the power of the nobles

Cardinal Richelieu

12

Use of western Europe as a model of change

Westernization

13

Leader of the Puritans

Oliver Cromwell

14

Law giving prisoners the right to obtain a document saying that the prisoner cannot go to jail without being brought before a judge

Habeas Corpus

15

Spanish king who took control of Portugal but failed in his invasion of England

Philip II

16

Official of the French government

Intendant

17

King or queen with complete control

Absolute Monarch

18

Conflict from 1756 to 1763 in which the forces of Britain and Prussia battled those of Austria, France, Russia, and other countries.

Seven Years' War

19

War fought from 1642 to 1649 between the Royalists, or Cavaliers, and the Puritan supporters of Parliament

English Civil War

20

War fought by other European nations against France and Spain when those two states tried to unite their thrones

War of the Spanish Succession

21

Bloodless overthrow of King James II

Glorious Revolution

22

Empress of Austria whose main enemy was Prussia

Maria Theresa

23

A group of government ministers that was a link between the monarch and Parliament

Cabinet

24

Government in which laws limit the monarch’s power

Constitutional Monarchy

25

Ruler who added lands to Russia, gave it a code of laws, and also used his secret police to execute “traitors”

Ivan the Terrible

26

Russian noble who owned land

Boyar