Abdominal Examination things to know before the exam Flashcards Preview

Year 3 - Clinical Communication Skills > Abdominal Examination things to know before the exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdominal Examination things to know before the exam Deck (12)
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1

What are the gastrointestinal causes of clubbing

- cirrhosis
- IBD
- Coeliac disease

2

What are the causes of leukonychia

- Hypoalbuminaemia - Liver disease, nephrotic syndrome, malabsorption/malnutrition

3

What are the causes of kolionychia

- IDA

4

What causes palmar erythema in terms of physiology and medical causes

- Hyperdyanmic circulation due to excess oestrogen in chronic or severe acute live disease
- pregnancy, thyrotoxicosis, RA, drug-induced

5

What causes Dupuytren's contracture

- familial, cirrhosis (particularly alcoholic)

6

What are the causes of flapping tremor

- hepatic encephalopathy

7

What causes a slate like appearance of the skin

- Haemochromatosis

8

What causes mucosal pallor of conjunctiva

anaemia

9

What are you looking for in the eyes

- mucosal pallor of conductive
- jaundice of sclera
- red sclera
- corneal arcus
- kayser-Fleisher rings
- xanthelasma

10

What causes bad breath

- Fetor Hepaticus - sweet feculent smelling breathing, late sign in liver failure and hepatic encephalopathy
- Ketosis - sickly sweet pear drop smelling breath
- uraemia - fishy smelling breath
- bowel obstruction - feculent smelling breath

11

What causes glossitis

- vitamin B12/folate deficiencies

12

What causes macroglossia

- amlyoidiosis, acromegaly, hypothyroidism, Down syndrome, malignancy