Flashcards in A04 - WOB Deck (7)
Estate Satire: The Three Estates
1st Estate: Clergy "Those who pray"
2nd Estate: Nobility/Aristocracy "Those who rule"
3rd Estate: Commoners "Those who work"
Unofficial 4th Estate: Women
- Phlegm - slothful
- Black bile - despair & melancholy
- Blood - gluttony
- Yellow bile - anger & choler
Views on women
- The second sex (daughters of Eve)
- Tricky, troublesome, the cause of man's downfall
- A woman became a man's property on marriage
Women's areas of power and influence
- The Church (nunneries)
- Trade skills - Weaving. Weavers were part of the greatest industry in the land. Skilled workers were valued.
Eve vs. Mary
- Daughter of Eve: The weaver, a fallen woman, symbol is a distaff, lustful.
- Mary: Protector of man, innocence, purity, the Virgin.
The Peasants' Revolt 1381
Complaints against the oppressive lower of the old landlords, especially the Church.