A&P Unit 1 (Human Body) Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A&P Unit 1 (Human Body) Test Deck (96)
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1

definition "Anatomy"

structure / form

2

definition "Physiology"

function / how something works

3

body plane: "Sagittal"

divides body into right left portions

4

body plane: "Coronal"

divides body into anterior and posterior portions

5

body plane: "Mid-sagittal"

divides body into equal right and left portions

6

superior/cephalic

one part being above the other / towards the head

7

inferior/caudal

a part being located below another part / towards the feet

8

anterior/ventral

a part being towards the front / towards the belly

9

posterior/dorsal

part being behind another / towards the back

10

medial

closer to the midline than another structure

11

lateral

farther from midline than another structure

12

bilateral

paired structures on both sides

13

ipsilateral

located on same side of midline of body

14

contralateral

located on opposite side of midline

15

proximal

located closer to trunk / point of origin

16

distal

located further from trunk / point of origin

17

superficial

located towards surface of body

18

peripheral

located away from body or another structure

19

Body Planes are...

imaginary plates that divide the body into portions

20

Membrane that lines organ is visceral or parietal?

organ = visceral

21

Membrane that lines box of serous cavity parietal or visceral?

cavity = parietal membrane

22

apendicular region of the body consists of and is responsible for?

upper and lower limbs / manipulation of environment & movement / no vital organs

23

axial region consists of

head / trunk / responsible for

24

The pelvis is

bowl-shaped pelvis protects and supports internal organs

25

2 gross body cavities are?

Dorsal body cavity (central nervous, trunk, head) / ventral body cavity (anterior aspect of trunk, organs (viscera)

26

thoracic cavity consists of

superior / anterior portion of trunk

27

Mediastinum of thoraic

separates pleural cavities of thoracic cavity into halves

28

Abdomino pelvic cavity

occupies inferior anterior portion of trunk
lined with peritoneum membrane

29

cranial cavity houses?

brains subdivision of dorsal body cavity

30

spinal (vertebral) cavity

houses the spine, subdivision of dorsal body cavity