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Flashcards in A&P Chapter 1 Deck (12)
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1

the science of body structures and the relationships among them

anatomy

2

the science of body functions - how the body parts work

physiology

3

study of tissues

histology

4

examiner feels body surfaces with the hands

palpation

5

examiner listens to body sounds to evaluate the functioning of certain organs

auscultation

6

examiner taps on the body surface with the fingertips and listens to the resulting sound

percussion

7

the sum of all chemical processes that occur in the body

metabolism

8

groups of cells and the materials surrounding them that work together to perform a particular function

tissue

9

structures that are composed of two or more different types of tissues

organ

10

the development of a cell from an unspecialized to a specialized state

differentiation

11

6 levels of structural organization

1. chemical - atoms and molecules
2. cellular - cells
3. tissue - groups of cells working together
4. organ - different tissues joined together
5. system - related organs with a common function
6. organismal - a living individual

12

6 characteristics of a living organism

1. metabolism - chemical processes in the body
2. responsiveness - detect and respond to changes
3. movement - motion of the body, organs, cells, or inside cells
4. growth - increase in body size
5. differentiation - deveopment of unspecialized cells to specialized
6. reproduction - formation of new cells or a new individual