A&P Ch. 1-12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in A&P Ch. 1-12 Deck (36)
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1

a bullet enters the left lung and collapses it. Which cavity has been entered?

pleura

2

What is the sum of all chemical reactions in the body referred to as?

metabolism

3

Which of the following is the correct sequence from largest to smallest?
(a) Amino acid, cell, protein, atom
(b) cell, protein, amino acid, atom
(c)atom, amino acid, protein, cell
(d) protein, cell, amino acid, atom

(d) protein, cell, amino acid, atom

4

what does not result in making the body more acidic?

(H+) +( HCO3-) -> (H2CO3)

5

ATP

is the energy currency of the cell

6

At the end of mitosis, each daughter cell

is genetically identical to the parent cell

7

the outward expression of the genotype and the effect of the environment (all physical appearance)

the phenotype

8

different forms of a gene are called

alleles

9

what is not a function of water

the universal solution in chemical reactions

10

stratified epithelium consists of

multiple layers of cells

11

what is an example of a holocrine gland

sebaceous gland

12

the sloughing off of older cells from the surface of the skin is called

desquamation

13

this layer is found only in thick skin

stratum lucidum

14

what is the correct order from most superficial to deepest?
(a) hypodermis, dermis, stratum basale, stratum lucidum
(b) dermis, hypodermis, stratum spinosum, stratum basale
(c) stratum lucidum, stratum corneum, hypodermis, dermis
(d) stratum corneum, stratum basale, dermis, hypodermis

(d) stratum corneum, stratum basale, dermis, hypodermis

15

what kind of injection delivers medication to the hypodermic

subcutaneous

16

a band of connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone is a(n)

tendon

17

chondroblasts

produce cartilage

18

collagen and calcium hydroxyapatite are the primary constituents of

bone matrix

19

the proper sequence of events in bone repair is

hematoma formation, callus formation, callus ossification, remodeling of bone

20

the first cervical vertebrae is the

atlas

21

manubrium, body, and diploid process are all part of the

sternum

22

a joint that has a joint cavity and exhibits a lot of movement would be classified as a

synovial joint

23

which of the following is not an energy source

(a) carbohydrates
(b) nucleic acid
(c) proteins
(d) fats

24

the muscles that hold the humeral head within the glenoid cavity, the rotator cuff, consists of all but which muscle?
(a) supraspinatus
(b) subscapularis
(c) teres minor
(d) infraspinatus
(e) suprascapularis

(d) suprascapularis

25

which of the following is not involved in the pelvic girdle
(a) illium
(b) femur
(c) ischium
(d) pubis
(e) sacrum

(b) femur

26

the thick fibrocartilage disks found in the knee joint are called

menisci

27

what does it mean when a muscle is able to stretch beyond its normal resting length

extensibility

28

lack of acetylcholinesterase in the synaptic cleft would result in

continuous stimulation of the postsynaptic membrane

29

arrange the following list of biochemical events in the correct sequence
(1) an action potential is conducted deep into the muscle fiber by the T tubule
(2) Calcium ions bind to troponin
(3) the membranes of the sarcoplasmic reticulum become more permeable to calcium ions
(4) calcium ions diffuse into the sarcoplasm around the myofibril
(5) the troponin-tropomyosin complex moves exposing active sites

1,3,4,2,5

30

if you cut bundles of axons and their myelin sheaths in the PNS, you cut

nerves