A Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Nursing Glossary > A > Flashcards

Flashcards in A Deck (371)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the definition of abacterial?

Abacterial indicates that something has no presence of bacteria in it

2

What is the definition of abattoir?

An abattoir is a location in which animals are slaughtered; a slaughter house.

3

What is the definition of abaxial?

Abaxial is a term that refers to something in particular being found away from the center of the body or the body part in question.

4

What is the definition of abdomen?

The abdomen is the part of the body between the chest and the hips.

It contains some of the most vital organs of them all, including the stomach and intestines, the bladder, the liver, and other vital organs.

Abdominal is an adjective term that refers to something pertaining to the abdomen.

5

What is the definition of abdominal breathing?

Abdominal breathing is an irregular type of breathing that uses the muscles in the wall of the abdomen to move air into the lungs and pump it back out.

Abdominal breathing is not normal and is normally the indicator of some type of respiratory condition or infection.

6

What is the definition of abdominal cavity?

The abdominal cavity is the space in the abdomen that holds the major digestive organs in an animal.

Normally referred to as the area between the diaphragm and the pelvis.

Also referred to as the peritoneal cavity.

7

What is the definition of abdominal effusion?

Abdominal effusion refers to a condition in which fluid collects around the vital organs located inside the abdomen.

This is normally the side effect of a more serious condition, like liver disease or heart disease.

Certain bacterial infections can also cause the build-up of such fluid, as can certain types of cancer.

An animal experiencing abdominal effusion will likely have an extremely bloated midsection.

8

What is the definition of abdominal wall?

The abdominal wall is a group of bones, muscles, and vital tissues that make up the wall around the organs in the abdomen.

Inside these bones, muscles, and tissues is a cavity, and the cavity is what houses the vital organs found inside the abdomen.

The abdominal wall is vital for protection of these organs.

9

What is the definition of abdominocentesis?

Abdominocentesis is a procedure in which a needle is inserted into the abdomen of the animal to remove fluid.

In most cases, abdominocentesis is used to make a diagnosis of some sort in a sick animal.

10

What is the definition of abduct?

Abduct is the opposite of adduct.

It refers to the movement of something away from the animal's midsection.

11

What is the definition of abiotrophy?

Abiotrophy refers to the loss of use of an organ in particular.

In most cases, this is a progressive condition and is inheritable.

Abiotrophy may occur in an organ, a tissue, or even the nervous system.

12

What is the definition of ablactate?

Ablactate is to take off of the teat or to stop from nursing; to wean an animal off of its mother's milk.

13

What is the definition of ablate?

To ablate is to complete take something out of something else.

Ablation (n.) refers to removal of a particular body part by cutting it out.

14

What is the definition of abomasopexy?

The surgical procedure of attaching the fourth stomach (the abomasums) compartment to the abdominal wall.

15

What is the definition of abomasums?

In animals, the fourth of several stomach compartments. Also referred to as the true or real stomach.

16

What is the definition of aboral?

Aboral is used to describe a direction; away from or outside an animal's mouth.

17

What is the definition of abort?

Abort is to end the pregnancy early; in animals, usually used to describe similar circumstances as a ‘miscarriage' in humans.

An abortion (n.) is used to describe the ending of a pregnancy whether purposeful or accidental.

18

What is the definition of abortive?

Abortive means fails to work properly; unfruitful.

In veterinary medicine, used to describe an animal that is barren or unable to successfully reproduce.

19

What is the definition of abrasion?

Abrasion is an injury that has occurred in which one or more of the topmost layers of the skin are scraped away.

Also known as a scrape.

20

What is the definition of abscess?

An abscess is localized infection, usually a lesion filled with pus.

Can be large or small in size.

21

What is the definition of absolute age?

In veterinary medicine, absolute age refers to an animal's actual age in calendar years rather than the age pertaining to their development. ex: absolute age (actual age) vs. age in ‘dog years.

22

What is the definition of absorption?

In veterinary medicine, absorption is the joining of already digested nutrients with the circulatory system.

Absorption is how an animal's body makes use of nutrients from food.

23

What is the definition of absorption rate?

Absorption rate is rate at which digested nutrients enters the circulatory system.

24

What is the definition of abundance?

Abundance is the number of animals per unit area

25

What is the definition of acariasis?

Acariasis refers to the condition of being overrun with parasites, such as ticks or mites.

26

What is the definition of acaricide?

Acaricide is any substance known to kill certain parasites, including ticks and mites.

May be found in the form of a paste, a liquid, or a powder.

27

What is the definition of acarid?

Acarid refers to any tick or mite belonging to the order Acarina or the family Acaridae.

28

What is the definition of acarine?

Acarine is a mite or a tick

29

What is the definition of acclimate?

Acclimate is to become accustomed to new actions, surroundings, environment, or companions.

30

What is the definition of acclimatisation?

Acclimatisation is the act of helping an animal to adjust to something or some place foreign to them.