9. The Behavioural Approach To Explaining Phobias AO3 Flashcards Preview

(1) Psychology - Psychopathology✅ > 9. The Behavioural Approach To Explaining Phobias AO3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9. The Behavioural Approach To Explaining Phobias AO3 Deck (8)
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1

Name two limitations of the two process model

- Not all bad experiences lead to phobias
- There are alternative explanations for avoidance behaviour

2

Explain how not all bad experiences lead to phobias

Sometimes phobias do appear following a bad experience - easy to see how they could be the results of conditioning - but some people have bad experiences and don't develop a phobia

3

What does the theory of not all experienced leading to phobias suggest

Conditioning alone cannot explain phobias - they may only develop where a vulnerability exists

4

Explain an alternative explanation for avoidance behaviour

In more complex behaviour e.g. Agoraphobia - evidence that at least some avoidance behaviour is motivated more by positive feelings or safety - explains why some suffers are able to leave their house with trusted friend with relatively little anxiety - but can't do it alone

5

Why is the alternative explanation of avoidance behaviour an issue for the two process model

Suggests avoidance is motivated by anxiety reduction

6

Name a strength of the two process model and briefly explain it

Has good explanatory power - two process model went beyond Watson and Rayner's simple classical conditioning explanation of phobias

7

Explain the explanatory power of the two process model

Has Important implications for therapy - if patient is prevented from practicing avoidance behaviour - phobic behaviour declines

8

What is therefore the main strength about the explanatory power of the two process model

Useful application to therapy