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Flashcards in 8. Stolypin Deck (68)
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1

When were there famines?

1891
1897

2

What happened in 1891 and 1897?

Famines

3

How did Stolypin ‘de-revolutionise the peasants’?

High price of mortgages meant there was fear that the government would repossess land so the government cleared this

4

What measure happened between 1906-1907?

Wager on the strong

5

When was the wager on the strong?

1906 to 1907

6

What was wager on the strong?

Creation of a layer of prosperous, productive peasants. Their wealth would turn them into Tsarist supporters as they have new wealth.
Farmers urged to remove strip system with fence fields
Land bank established to allow an independent peasant to buy his own land

7

Why did Stolypin have little success?

Conservatism prevented change

8

How many years did Stolypin say he needed to make change?

20 years

9

What did Stolypin put down in December 1905?

Moscow rebellion

10

How many death sentences were there between field courts martial between 1906-07?

1144 death sentences

11

Between what years did the field court martial carry out 1144 death sentences?

1906 to 1907

12

Who carried out 1144 death sentences between 1906 to 1907?

Field court martial

13

How many newspapers were closed between 1906-12?

1,000 newspapers

14

Between what years were 1,000 newspapers closed?

1906-7

15

By 1908, how many assassinations were there?

385

16

In what year were the assassinations 385?

1908

17

In what year were the assassinations 1200?

1907

18

How many assassinations were there in 1907?

1,200

19

What were the number of assassinations between 1907 to 1908?

1907: 1,200
1908: 385

20

What could peasants do regarding Mirs?

Peasants could withdraw and set up their own

21

What was the impact of the peasants Land Bank?

Gave loans to peasants leaving communes

22

Who gave loans to peasants leaving communes?

Peasants land Bank

23

What payments were abolished

Redemption payments

24

What was dissolved?

Communes

25

What was the ‘Bet on the sober and the strong’?

Creation of new prosperous class of peasants loyal to the Tsar

26

By 1915, by what percentage did peasant land ownership increase by?

20% to 50%

27

What was the agricultural production in 1906?

45 million tonnes

28

In what year was food production 45 million tonnes?

1906

29

What was the food production in 1913?

61 million tonnes

30

In what year was the food production 61 million tonnes?

1913