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1

New Deal

1933-1939
large number of reforms passed to tackle economic and social problems of great depression

2

what did Roosevelt introduce

wide range of legislation to tackle economic problems and get people back to work

3

National Industry Recovery Act (NIRA) 1933
1. what did it encourage firms to improve

hours,
wage rates
union rights

4

National Industry Recovery Act (NIRA) 1933
2. what was one of the biggest changes

right of workers to - organise unions & take part in collective bargaining - in law

5

National Industry Recovery Act (NIRA) 1933
3. why were the effects limited

not all employers sign the code e.g. Henry Ford
SC declares Act unconstitutional - many gains reversed

6

how did National Labor Relations Act (or Wagner Act) 1935 improve position of workers (6 things)

1. established National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
2. workers given right to elect own representatives for collective bargaining
3. Act declared constitutional
4. right to join unions
5. using spies against unions banned

7

What could the National Labor Relations Board NLRB do (4 things)

1. negotiate on behalf of workers
2. prevent companies using own unions
3.looked into accusations of unfair labour practices and reached a judgment on issue brought before it

8

union membership 1933->1938?

1933 = 3.7 million
1938 = 9 million

9

what did increase in number of unionised workers result in

more power

10

although some firms initially resisted they were forced to accept change in circumstance e.g.

General motors
one of the 3 big car manufacturers (employing over 80,000)

11

United Automobile Workers' Union not recognised until

a sit-in strike in 1936

12

when was Steel Organizing Committee recognised by US Steel

1937

13

what did the passing of Fair Labor Standards Act of 1939 give workers

minimum wage

14

when was Fair Labor Standards Act passed

1939

15

Limitations of the New Deal period?

improvements benefit only some workers
some gains temporary

16

which workers not benefited by New Deal

1. unskilled workers in mass-production industries such as car manufacturing
2. those at lower end of the pay scale still in vulnerable position
3. Women
4. Ethnic minorities. AA and Mexican immigrants

17

drawback of National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) 1935

did not give agricultural workers the right to join unions
(not until 1960s were attempts made to improve position)

18

what did National Labor Relations/ Wagner Act 1935 result in

rapid expansion of union membership