Flashcards in 7th - Religion Chapter 4 Deck (30)
a non-Jewish person
middle-class Jewish people known for their love of the Torah or Law
wealthy and powerful political leaders; most were priests
the Jewish feast at the end of spring that commemorates the Exodus
the Lord's Day; a day of rest
a Jewish greeting which means peace
the story of God's love for people. It tells how God has entered into history and carried out the divine plan to save all people
the country that Jesus was from; where he lived
Where did the Son of God live 2000 years ago?
How large was Palestine?
the size of Vermont
What are the three main areas in Palestine?
Galilee in the north, Samaria, and Judea in the south.
Where was the town of Nazareth where Jesus grew up located?
it was a town in the hills of Galilee
after the Lord
What were the towns in Palestine like when Jesus lived?
they were surrounded by walls. Food and crafts were sold in markets just outside the walls.
Palestine was occupied by whom when Jesus lived?
In general, how did Rome consider the Jewish religious practices?
Unlike the Pharisees, Sadducees did not what?
believe in resurrection or in adding to the Law
Was Jesus Jewish?
What were the Jewish customs concerning prayer?
families prayed many prayers together at home. They prayed before and after eating and morning and evening they prayed the Shema
What is the Shema?
the main Jewish commandment
What were the three major feasts that everyone who was able to travel to the Temple in Jerusalum?
Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles
Rome attacked Jerusalum and destroyed the Temple when?
Describe the typical house
Were made of clay bricks or stones held together with mud and straw. Typically one room with a dirt floor which contained a table, a spinning wheel and a wooded bowl for measuring grain. There were no windows so an olive-oil lamp burnt all day. At the far end of the house, a cave shelters your goat and donkey
Describe the typical family.
Typically large family.
Describe the typical father.
Father would be a farmer, craftsmen, or fisherman who had a beard and large brown eyes. You and your mother were considered to be his property
Describe the typical mother.
Mother cooks outside, grinding grain and making bread. She is not allowed to know how to read or write but could memorize Scripture.
Describe the typical child.
Boy - went to synagogue school when you are taught to read and write and your father teaches you his trade
Girl - your mother prepares you to be a good wife. You hope to have many sons. Your parents will arrange your marriage and you may not see your husband until your weeding day
What does life revolve around?
prayer and religious celebrations