7th - Religion Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7th - Religion Chapter 4 Deck (30)
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1

a non-Jewish person

Gentiles

2

middle-class Jewish people known for their love of the Torah or Law

Pharisees

3

wealthy and powerful political leaders; most were priests

Sadducees

4

the Jewish feast at the end of spring that commemorates the Exodus

Passover

5

the Lord's Day; a day of rest

Sabbath

6

a Jewish greeting which means peace

shalom

7

the story of God's love for people. It tells how God has entered into history and carried out the divine plan to save all people

salvation history

8

the country that Jesus was from; where he lived

Palestine

9

Where did the Son of God live 2000 years ago?

Palestine

10

How large was Palestine?

the size of Vermont

11

What are the three main areas in Palestine?

Galilee in the north, Samaria, and Judea in the south.

12

Where was the town of Nazareth where Jesus grew up located?

it was a town in the hills of Galilee

13

BC

before Christ

14

AD

after the Lord

15

What were the towns in Palestine like when Jesus lived?

they were surrounded by walls. Food and crafts were sold in markets just outside the walls.

16

Palestine was occupied by whom when Jesus lived?

Rome

17

In general, how did Rome consider the Jewish religious practices?

with respect

18

Unlike the Pharisees, Sadducees did not what?

believe in resurrection or in adding to the Law

19

Was Jesus Jewish?

Yes

20

What were the Jewish customs concerning prayer?

families prayed many prayers together at home. They prayed before and after eating and morning and evening they prayed the Shema

21

What is the Shema?

the main Jewish commandment

22

What were the three major feasts that everyone who was able to travel to the Temple in Jerusalum?

Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles

23

Rome attacked Jerusalum and destroyed the Temple when?

70 AD

24

Describe the typical house

Were made of clay bricks or stones held together with mud and straw. Typically one room with a dirt floor which contained a table, a spinning wheel and a wooded bowl for measuring grain. There were no windows so an olive-oil lamp burnt all day. At the far end of the house, a cave shelters your goat and donkey

25

Describe the typical family.

Typically large family.

26

Describe the typical father.

Father would be a farmer, craftsmen, or fisherman who had a beard and large brown eyes. You and your mother were considered to be his property

27

Describe the typical mother.

Mother cooks outside, grinding grain and making bread. She is not allowed to know how to read or write but could memorize Scripture.

28

Describe the typical child.

Boy - went to synagogue school when you are taught to read and write and your father teaches you his trade

Girl - your mother prepares you to be a good wife. You hope to have many sons. Your parents will arrange your marriage and you may not see your husband until your weeding day

29

What does life revolve around?

prayer and religious celebrations

30

What language do you speak?

Aramaic but you also know some Hebrew for prayer and Greek