7. The Social And Cultural Impact Of WW1 BRT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7. The Social And Cultural Impact Of WW1 BRT Deck (104)
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61

cultural change: why were churchmen in demand

to conduct religious services, preach supportive sermons and carry out burial services

62

cultural change: why did the war also provide a challenge to the Christian churches

some found it hard to justify the slaughter on the wester front or to reconcile this with faith in god

63

cultural change: what ther beliefs than religious were undermined

secular

64

cultural change: which secular views were especially undermined

that progress was both inevitable and beneficial

65

cultural change: how did the war challenge cultural assumptions about the superiority of western civilisation

for 4 years the supposedly most civilised countries on earth had waged an increasingly barbarous war against each other

66

cultural change: what strengthened the idea of anti imperialism and anti colonialism

the weakened assumptions about the innate superiority of European values

67

cultural change: what did many artists embrace

modernism

68

cultural change: what did modernism reject

the values that had been so destructive

69

cultural change: what culture did war create within the arts

one that rejected the war and the society that had allowed it to happen

70

issues of patriotism and COs: what did the outbreak of war case a wave of

patriotism across all European countries

71

issues of patriotism and COs: how had patriotism been fed in britian since the start of the century

literature, newspapers and in the music halls

72

issues of patriotism and COs: which events before 1914 has fed nationalist feeling and promoted the idea that Germany was the enemy

the arms race, particularly the naval race

73

issues of patriotism and COs: what did recruitment posters play on when the war started

the patriotic duty that all men had to sign up to fight for king and country

74

issues of patriotism and COs: how many men had signed up by the end of 1914

one million

75

issues of patriotism and COs: how many men volunteered to fight altogether

2.5 million

76

issues of patriotism and COs: why did patriotism remain a key theme for gov propaganda

it sought to encourage industrial activity and urge people to conserve resources/request war loans

77

issues of patriotism and COs: which key symbols of brtain were used to remind people of the strength and importance of britain

john bull, british bulldog or britannia

78

issues of patriotism and COs: why was conscription introduced in 1916

large numbers of men who signed up were still not enough to maintain numbers on front

79

issues of patriotism and COs: what did the pacifist members of the No Conscription Fellowshup successfully campaign

to secure the conscience clause in 1916 conscription act

80

issues of patriotism and COs: when was NCF set up

1915

81

issues of patriotism and COs: what did conscience clause mean

that men had the right to claim exemption from military service

82

issues of patriotism and COs: religious reasons for COs refusing to fight

quakers believed in pacifism

83

issues of patriotism and COs: political reasons for COs refusing to fight

activist on left saw war as an imperialist war and an example of ruling class making a war that workers had to fight

84

issues of patriotism and COs: moral reaons for COs refusing to fight

some felt it wrong to kill because they considered human life to be sacred

85

issues of patriotism and COs: why did COs have to go to local tribunals

to give reasons for being a CO

86

issues of patriotism and COs: what happened if COs reasons not accepted at tribunal

sent to front

87

issues of patriotism and COs: how did those who sat on tribunals usually view COs

generally unsympathetic, especially to those objecting on polticial beliefs

88

issues of patriotism and COs: how many COs agreed to do some war work for gov that didn't involve fighting

10,000/16,000

89

issues of patriotism and COs: what war work did COs carry out

ambulance driving

90

issues of patriotism and COs: what were the COs called that didn't want any involvement with war and what happened to them

absolutists

imprisoned