7. The Social And Cultural Impact Of WW1 BRT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7. The Social And Cultural Impact Of WW1 BRT Deck (104)
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31

The reform of the franchise: how was the war critical for the overcoming of objections

Of those who believed women shouldn’t vote/who felt that allowing any significant female suffrage was giving into violence

Also overcame last remaining objections to full voting rights for men

32

The reform of the franchise: why was reform necessary

Gov planned a wartime election

Soldiers not able to vote until existing rules as they weren’t resident householders

33

The reform of the franchise: what did the 1918 representation of the people act increase the electorate by

Triple

34

The reform of the franchise: which men became allowed to vote

All men over age of 21

35

The reform of the franchise: which men got the vote for the next general election

Men over age of 19 who had seen active service in war

36

The reform of the franchise: which women got right to vote

Women over 30 if they were a member/married to a member of local gov register, a graduate voting in uni election or property owner

37

The reform of the franchise: what did younger working class women not get vote despite

Then being most active in war Work

38

The reform of the franchise: when were women finally enfranchised in same terms as men

1928

39

Unions and labour: why did the war give the trade unions extra bargaining power

Due to the huge demand for extra workers

40

Unions and labour: how did the trade unions exercise their extra bargaining power

Through their trade union congress

41

Unions and labour: how did the unions on the whole cooperate with the gov

In banning strikes in essential war industry and accepting dilution and conscription

42

Unions and labour: what did the 1918 Labour Party constitution give unions

A key role in the party

43

The miners strike of 1921: when did gov control of coal mines end

March 1921

44

The miners strike of 1921: how did the miners feel about the govs refusal to nationalise the coal mines

Deceived betrayed and duped

45

The miners strike of 1921: why did mine owners cut wage and extend hours

To compete with foreign coal imports

46

The miners strike of 1921: why did the high levels of unemployment allow mine owners to cut wages

Miners had no alternative jobs to go to

47

The miners strike of 1921: when did the national miners strike begin

1 April 1921

48

The miners strike of 1921: why did national miners strike have potential to escalate into a general strike

Railwaymen and transport workers backed the miners

49

The miners strike of 1921: how did gov react to threat of general strike

All leave stopped for members of armed forces and they declared a state of emergency

50

The miners strike of 1921: why did the triple alliance become the cripple alliance

LG stepped in and managed to split them

Railway men and transport workers backed down in Black Friday

51

The miners strike of 1921: how did miners react to cripple alliance

Went on strike alone until 1 July

52

The miners strike of 1921: what cuts did the miners have to accept when they went back to Work

Pay cuts that left their wages 20% lower than in 1914

53

cultural change: what did war challenge many of society's beliefs in

behaviour, morality and religious practice

54

cultural change: how was the relaxation of stuffy Victorian society evidenced

increased social mobility and changes in womens political and social positions during and after war

55

cultural change: how were class divisions still evident in women during ar

working class girls went mainly into munitions

middle class girls more into nursing and admin

56

cultural change: what remained clear cut in the armed forces

class divisons between officers and men

57

cultural change: what was there more social levelling in that between working and middle classes

within working class itself

58

cultural change: what effect did the terrible death toll of the war have

it created a common bond of suffering and loss that ran across all social classes

59

cultural change: how was the common bond created by suffering later expressed

war memorials and rituals of remembrance

60

cultural change: why were thousands of chaplains needed in the war

for the armed forces, to cater for the spiritual and religious needs of the vast armies