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1

What are the two behavioural characteristics of OCD?

Compulsions and avoidance

2

What are compulsions?

Actions that are carried out repeatedly E.g. hand washing, the same behaviour is repeated in a ritualistic way to reduce anxiety

3

What is avoidance?

The OCD is managed by avoiding situations that trigger anxiety, e.g. sufferers who wash repeatedly may avoid coming into contact with germs

4

What are the two emotional characteristics of OCD?

Anxiety/distress and guilt/disgust

5

Explain anxiety and distress

Obsessive thoughts are unpleasant and frightening and the anxiety that goes with these can be overwhelming

6

Explain guilt and disgust

This is Irrational guilt, for example over a minor moral issues or disgust which is directed towards oneself or something external like dirt

7

What are the two cognitive characteristics of OCD?

Obsessive thoughts and insight into excessive anxiety

8

Explain obsessive thoughts

About 90% of OCD sufferers have obsessive thoughts such as recurring and intrusive thoughts about being contaminated by dirt or germs

9

Explain what insight into excessive anxiety is

This is awareness that thoughts and behaviour are irrational, sufferers experience catastrophic thoughts and are over aware of their obsession