Flashcards in 7. OCD AO1 Deck (9)
What are the two behavioural characteristics of OCD?
Compulsions and avoidance
What are compulsions?
Actions that are carried out repeatedly E.g. hand washing, the same behaviour is repeated in a ritualistic way to reduce anxiety
What is avoidance?
The OCD is managed by avoiding situations that trigger anxiety, e.g. sufferers who wash repeatedly may avoid coming into contact with germs
What are the two emotional characteristics of OCD?
Anxiety/distress and guilt/disgust
Explain anxiety and distress
Obsessive thoughts are unpleasant and frightening and the anxiety that goes with these can be overwhelming
Explain guilt and disgust
This is Irrational guilt, for example over a minor moral issues or disgust which is directed towards oneself or something external like dirt
What are the two cognitive characteristics of OCD?
Obsessive thoughts and insight into excessive anxiety
Explain obsessive thoughts
About 90% of OCD sufferers have obsessive thoughts such as recurring and intrusive thoughts about being contaminated by dirt or germs