6: Grammar Flashcards Preview

New Testament Exegesis > 6: Grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6: Grammar Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...

How can one identify where two or more independent clauses are linked together?

  1. Alternation
  2. Addition
  3. Antithesis


What is alternation?

  • Shown by "either... or..." or "neither... nor..."


What is additive?

  • Shown by "both... and..."


What are antitheses?

  • Shown by "not this... but that"


What are compound sentences?

Where independent clauses are tightly connected together.


What are complex sentences?

Sentences with one independent and one or more dependent clauses


What are compound-complex sentences?

Sentences with more than one independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.


What is the Introductory Word's role in identifying dependent clauses?

You can identify dependent clauses when they use:

  1. Inferences
    • "Therefore"
  2. Emphasis
    • "Certainly"
    • "Even"
    • "Indeed"
  3. Illustrations
    • "Thus"
    • "For example"
    • "Namely"


What are other ways of identifying dependent clauses?

  1. Temporal
  2. Causal
  3. Modal/Instrumental
  4. Comparative
  5. Local
  6. Purpose/Result
  7. Conditional
  8. Concessive
  9. By Relative Pronouns


What is the most important task in grammatical analysis?

To asses – when it makes a difference in interpreting a passage – what kind of usage a given case, tense, mood, voice, and so on, reflects. 


What are the particular important tasks in grammatical analysis?

  1. genitive and dative nouns
  2. uses and omissions of the article
  3. reasons for the middle voice
  4. differentiation between the three verbal aspects (i.e., aorist vs. imperfect)
  5. further subcategorization of participles and imperatives
  6. identification of the classes of conditional clauses


What are some frequently important tasks in grammatical analysis?

  1. Understanding
    • uses of accusative cases
    • categorization of adjectives
  2. Identifying
    • what words prepositional phrases modify
    • specific uses of pronouns
    • specific uses of the five main greek tenses (present, future, imperfect, aorist, and perfect)
  3. Further categorization of subjunctive moods
  4. Distinguishing between
    • questions demanding an affirmative reply vs. a negative one