Flashcards in 5. Phobias AO1 Deck (10)
What are the two behavioural characteristics of a phobia?
Panic and avoidance
What is panic?
This may involve a range of behaviours such as crying, screaming or running away from the phobic stimulus
What is avoidance?
Considerable effort to avoid coming into contact with the phobic stimulus
What can avoidance cause?
Avoidance can make it hard to go above it everyday life, especially if the phobic stimulus is often seen e.g. Public places
What are the two emotional characteristics of a phobia?
- Anxiety/fear and responses are unreasonable
What is anxiety and fear?
Fear is the immediate experience when a phobic encounters or thinks about the phobic stimulus, fear then leads to anxiety.
What does responses and unreasonable mean?
Response is widely disproportionate to the threat posed
What are the two cognitive characteristics of a phobia?
Selective attention to the phobic stimulus and irrational beliefs
What is selective attention to the phobic stimulus?
The phobic finds it hard to look away from the phobic stimulus