5: Episodic long term memory Flashcards Preview

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1

Memory for things that can be consciously talked about and re-experienced is called:

Declarative LTM

2

What is Declarative LTM comprised of?

1.
2.
3.

1. Episodic Memory.
2. Semantic Memory.
3. Lexical Memory.

3

What is episodic memory?

Memories of autobiographical events.

4

Episodic memory is often rich in:

contextual detail.

5

What is semantic memory?

Memories of facts, concepts and languages.

6

Semantic memory is often devoid of:

contextual detail.

7

What is lexical memory?

Memory of words, our mental dictionary.

8

Memory for how to do something is called:

Procedure LTM.

9

Procedure LTM is comprised of:

1.
2.
3.

1. Priming
2. Conditioning
3. Misc. types of learning.

10

In Procedure LTM, what is priming?

Processing a stimulus, facilitates the processing of another similar stimulus.

11

In Procedure LTM, what is conditioning?

Operant and Classical conditioning.

12

In Procedure LTM, give an example of the miscellaneous types of learning.

Taste aversion.

13

According to Tulving (1985), procedural memory indicates:

no self awareness.

14

According to Tulving (1985), semantic memory indicates:

basic awareness.

15

According to Tulving (1985), episodic memory indicates

self awareness.

16

According to Tulving (1985) what are non-aware animals?

1.
2.
3.
4.

1. Reptiles
2. Amphibians
3. Fish
4. Anthropods

17

According to Tulving (1985), where animals have awareness?

Some mammals, birds and reptiles.

18

According to Tulving (1985), what animals have self awareness?

Humans, higher primates, elephants, African grey parrots.

19

A mental trick used in episodic memories, is called:

Mnemonics.

20

What are the two types of mnemonics?

1. Method of loci.
2. Peg-words.

21

What is method of loci?

Associate each of the terms in a list with physical locations.

22

What are peg-words?

Associate each item in a list to key words in a rhyme.

23

Mnemonic devices facilitate episodic memory by providing:

scaffolding.

24

What are the 3 types of scaffolding mnemonic devices provide to facilitate episodic memory?

1. Encoding
2. Storage
3. Retrieval

25

In what way does mnemonic devices provide scaffolding for encoding episodic memories?

Gets us to rehearse items.

26

In what way does mnemonic devices provide scaffolding for storing (retaining) episodic memories?

Items are organised via associations to similar items already in our LTM. These items are represented in multiple modalities.

27

In what ways does mnemonic devices provide scaffolding for retrieving episodic memories?

Provides cues and a method for checking that all items have been received.

28

According to Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968), what are the two effects of rehearsal?

1. Maintenance.
2. Transfer.

29

According to Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968), how does rehearsal affect maintenance?

Gets us to hold information in our STM.

30

According to Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968), how does rehearsal affect transfer?

Helps us move information from our STM into our LTM.