5. BOOM of 1920s Flashcards Preview

history TU 1 Position of unions and organised labour > 5. BOOM of 1920s > Flashcards

Flashcards in 5. BOOM of 1920s Deck (21)
Loading flashcards...
1

real wages

what wages can actually buy

2

welfare capitalism

policy of employers during 1920s to reduce industrial unrest
offer workers improved working conditions and benefits (pensions)
in return for establishment of unions under the control/ direction of employers

3

yellow-dog contracts

contracts workers signed - agreed not to join a union

4

porter

someone who looked after train passengers

5

what did the economic boom that followed the war result in

rise in real wages
decline in unemployment

6

what was the development of welfare capitalism in return for

no strike agreements
abandoning the right to negotiate wages

7

what did the setting up of company unions mean

workers lost independence
sometimes forced to sign 'yellow-dog contract' (agreeing not to join union)

8

most notable employer who refused to recognise unions

Henry Ford
wouldn't recognise any union for collective bargaining until 1941

9

where was the struggle for recognition of unions evident

in the Pullman company
(which manufactured railway carriages)

10

the Pullman company employed a significant number of

African Americans (as porters)

11

how did the Pullman company give AA porters few rights (4 things)

1. working conditions poor
2. relied on tips for much of income
3. promotion denied. job of conductor limited to whites
4. prevented any effort to organise union sacking leaders and sometimes assaulting them

12

what action did the porters take

1. appoint Philip Randolph to lead campaign
2. set up Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP) union

13

how did the Pullman company react/oppose the porters action

1. established its own union
2. banned meetings of the BSCP

14

despite nearly half of porters joining BSCP they had not gained recognition by

1928

15

why could BSCP claim the right to represent porters by 1934

President Roosevelt
change in law - passing of Railway Labor Act

16

What was Randolph able to demand

National Mediation Board officially declared BSCP as the porters representative

17

How did the BSCP defeat the Pullman companys union

in elections to decide who should represent the workers

18

when did BSCP finally gain recognition (Pullman company began to negotiate with them)

1935

19

within a year after BSCP had gained recognition how many porters joined

51%

20

National mediation Board

US gov established agency to regulate labour relations in railway industry.
aim was to resolve disputes and prevent strikes

21

why did employers follow policy of welfare capitalism?

feared workers would take advantage of low rates of unemployment to demand more money