4.4 Respiration Flashcards Preview

11B1 - AQA Biology Trilogy > 4.4 Respiration > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4.4 Respiration Deck (38)
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1

Where does the oxygen come from for aerobic respiration in humans?

We breathe it in.

2

Respiration is a chemical reaction that is controlled by...

enzymes

3

What is the word equation for anaerobic respiraiton in animals?

Glucose --> Lactic Acid + Energy (ATP)

4

What is meant by an organism's metabolism?

All of the chemical reactions that are occuring in the organism e.g. respiration, photosynthesis etc.

5

Where does the glucose come from for respiraiton in animals?

Food e.g. carbohydrates - starchy foods - potatoes/pasta

6

What are the differences between anaerobic respiration and aerobic respiration?

Produces lactic acid (in animals)

Produces ethanol (in plants/yeast)

Produces less energy

Does not require oxygen

Involves incomplete breakdown of glucose.

7

Give 4 examples of chemical reactions that involve building up molecules in an organism.

  1. Glucose molecules built into starch
  2. Glucose molecules built into glycogen.
  3. 1 x Glycerol and 3 x Fatty Acids built into lipids.
  4. Amino acids built into proteins.

8

Where does aerobic respiration occur in a cell?

Mitochondria

9

Give 2 examples of chemical reactions that involve breaking substances down in an organism.

  1. Respiration - breaking down glucose to provide energy.
  2. Excess protein is broken down into amino acids and then urea which is then excreted as urine.

10

How does the body respond to exercise? (5 points must remember!)

1.Energy demand increases so more respiration needed.

2.Oxygen demand increases – increased rate and depth of breathing.

3.Glucose demand increases – glycogen stores broken down into glucose.

4.Heart rate increases – to get glucose and oxygen to muscles faster.

5.More waste CO2 produced – breathing and heart rate speed up removal.

11

What is it that makes bread rise?

The carbon dioxide produced from anaerobic respiration of syeast.

12

Where is glycogen stored in an animal?

Muscles

Liver

13

Why does a fitter person have a lower resting heart rate?

They have a stronger heart muscle.

So heart can pump more blood

Oxygen demand is met with fewer beats.

14

Plants store glucose molecules in long branched chains called...

starch

15

Anaerobic respiration (fermentaiton) of yeast cells is used in industry to produce...

Beer and wine

Bread

16

Anaerobic respiration in plants and yeast is sometimes called....

FERMENTATION

17

What is an enzyme?

A protein that speeds up chemical reactions without being used up (sometimes called a biological catalyst).

18

How is aerobic respiration different to anaerobic respiration?

Uses oxygen

Produces more energy

Involves the complete breakdown of glucose.

Does not produce lactic acid

Does not produce ethanol

 

19

What does the word 'aerobic' mean?

With oxygen.

20

What are the waste products of aerobic respiration?

Carbon Dioxide

Water

21

Animals store glucose molecules in long branched chains called..

glycogen

22

What is a single lipid molecule made from?

1 x Glycerol

3 x Fatty Acids

23

What does the word 'anaerobic' mean?

Without oxygen.

24

What are the 2 main types of respiration?

Aerobic Respiration

Anaerobic Respiration

25

All of the chemical reactions that happen in an organism e.g. respiration are collectively called its...

metabolism.

26

What is the equation for anaerobic respiration (fermentation) in plants/yeast?

Glucose --> Ethanol + Carbon Dioxide + Energy (ATP)

27

What is an exothermic reaction?

A chemical reaction that releases heat energy to the surroundings.

28

When does the body do anaerobic respiration as well as aerobic respiration?

During vigourous exercise.

29

What is the word equation for aerobic respiration?

Glucose + Oxygen --> Carbon Dioxide + Water + Energy (ATP)

30

What is the symbol equation for aerobic respiration?

C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP