3MBChB Neurology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3MBChB Neurology Deck (21)
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1

"thunderclap headache"

Subarachnoid haemorrhage

2

Kidney disease that can cause subarachnoid haemorrhage

Polycystic kidney disease

3

Xanthochromic CSF on lumbar puncture

Subarachnoid haemorrhage

4

Lucid period after head trauma with subsequent collapse/deterioration

Extradural haemorrhage

5

Cogwheeling

Tremor + rigidity seen in Parkinson's disease

6

"Woody" muscle swelling

Duchenne/Becker MD

7

Fluctuating cognitive deficit with hallucinations

Lewy body dementia
Delirium

8

Personality/behavioural changes and then dementia

Frontotemporal dementia (Pick's disease)

9

Stepwise progression of dementia in someone with a history of CVD

Vascular dementia

10

Which arterial aneurysm causes a painful CN III palsy?

Posterior communicating artery

11

Myalgia + myositis + myoglobulinaemia = ?

Rhabdomyolysis

12

Which muscular dystrophy involves weakness, frontal balding, cataracts and ptosis?

Myotonic dystrophy

13

Midline brain herniation with leg symptoms

Falcine herniation

14

1st line Rx for migraine prophylaxis

Propranolol/topiramate/amitriptyline

15

Nerve roots for Erb's palsy

C5, C6

16

Nerve roots for Klumpke's palsy

C8, T1

17

Waiter's tip posture

Erb's palsy

18

+ve Simmond's test

Achilles tendon rupture

19

Racoon/panda eyes

Anterior cranial fossa fracture

20

Battle sign

Middle cranial fossa fracture

21

Diarrhoea with subsequent weakness

Guillan-Barré
assoc. with Campylobacter