3.4 described information processing bias and combat strategies Flashcards Preview

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What are a heuristics

Effective economical and resource for shortcuts to clinical decisions and problem solving

Can also lead to cognitive bias and therefore limited perceptions and diagnostic accuracy and put clinicians at risk of overconfidence


List the common vices that can adversely affect clinical judgement

Representative heuristic
availability heuristic
Fundamental attribution error
Confirmation bias
Covariation misestimation
Preconceived ideas
Lack of awareness of one's own judge mental processes and factors that influence judgement
Over confidence in diagnosis
Race, social class and gender bias
Hindsight bias


Described representativeness heuristic

Causal judgement Heuristic which an antecedent condition in the client's life resembles the problem they present with and thus is giving causal importance


Define availability heuristic

Making a decision based on information that's available


Define fundamental attribution error

Attribution of trouble behaviour to a troubling environment rather than a dis position in themselves


Confirmation bias

Looking for information that confirms a hypothesis and subsequently failing to attend to other relevant information


Covariation misestimation

An incorrect assessment of Coke variation for example considering the symptoms that are present but not those that are absent


What are some possible debiasing techniques

Actively considering alternative outcomes
Increasing attention to Data that is usually ignored
Decreasing reliance on memory
Assess and reflect on your own mindsets
Use a variety of assessment methods
Adhere strictly to diagnostic criteria