2.4 Posterior Abdominal Wall and Overview of the Pelvis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.4 Posterior Abdominal Wall and Overview of the Pelvis Deck (73)
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1

What organs are secondarily retroperitoneal?

duodenum, pancreas, colon (portions)

2

What is the anterior boundary of the retroperitoneal space formed by?

parietal peritoneum

3

What is the lateral boundary of the retroperitoneal space formed by?

transversals fascia

4

What is the posterior boundary of the retroperitoneal space formed by?

thoracolumbar fascia and psoas fascia

5

What does renal fascia surround?

suprarenal glands, kidneys, ureters, major vessels, fat

6

Suprarenal glands are endocrine, and buried in ...

perinephric fat

7

Outer cortex of suprarenal glands is?

endocrine

8

Where is the left kidney located?

11th & 12th ribs slightly superior to level of R kidney

9

Where is the right kidney located?

12th rib

10

Fat-filled ... continuous (through hilum) with perirenal space

renal sinus

11

The large renal a. divides into ...

segmental aa (five)

12

Between renal column are dark patches of ... responsible for concentrating?

renal medulla (pyramids)

13

Collecting ducts in medulla merge at ...

tip of pyramid (renal papilla)

14

What is the order of drainage following renal papilla?

minor calyces, major calyces (smaller #), renal pelvis, ureter

15

ureters course along ..., and cross ..., entering the posterolateral wall of bladder

lumbar vertebrae; external iliac arteries

16

... branch directly from aorta at the level of SMA.

renal arteries

17

Suprarenal glands supplied by ...

3 sets of suprarenal arteries

18

Congenital compression of the L renal vein between SMA and aorta; can cause renal hypertension, swelling and pain in gonads (L gonadal v into L renal v)

Nutcracker syndrome

19

Lymphatics of kidneys drain into what lymph nodes and then into cisterna chyli?

Lumbar lymph nodes

20

Suprarenal glands function as modified ...

sympathetic ganglia

21

Suprarenal plexus (preganglionic sympathetic fibers) derived from ...

thoracic splanchnic nn and celiac ganglion

22

The renal plexus to the kidneys is derived from ...

Least splanchnic n (via aorticorenal ganglia) and posterior vagal trunk

23

visceral afferents from kidneys (kidney stones) follow what spinal segments?

T11-L2

24

Sensory innervation from kidneys to what spinal levels?

T11-12

25

Sensory innervation from ureters to what spinal levels?

T12-L2

26

What is the origin of the quadratus lumborum m?

iliac crest

27

What is the insertion of the quadratus lumborum m?

12th rib, L1-L4

28

What is the innervation of the quadratus lumborum m?

ventral rami of T12, L1-L4

29

What is the action of the quadratus lumborum m?

lateral bending of trunk

30

What is the origin of the Psoas major m?

Transverse processes/bodies of T12-L5