2. Political, Economic And Social Problems Of Russia In 1894 Flashcards Preview

RUSSIA: Chapter 1: The rule of Tsar Nicholas II > 2. Political, Economic And Social Problems Of Russia In 1894 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2. Political, Economic And Social Problems Of Russia In 1894 Deck (107)
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1

What was the size of Russia?

8 million square miles

2

How many times larger was Russia compared to the USA

2.5 times

3

What country was 2.5 times smaller than Russia?

USA

4

What were principal cities?

St Petersburg and Moscow

5

What was the importance of Moscow and St Petersburg?

Principal cities

6

What was a problem with the agriculture in Russia

Limited

7

What was a conservative faction in Russia?

The Orthodox Church

8

What the motto of the church?

“God commands us to love and obey

9

Who’s motto was “God commands us to Love and Obey”?

The church

10

What was the population in 1815?

40 million

11

What was the population in 1914?

165 million

12

What happened to the population during 1815-1914?

Quadruple

13

In what period did the population quadruple

1815-1914

14

During what period did the population move from 40 million to 165 million?

1815-1914

15

What percentage of the population was peasants?

80%

16

What was 80% of the population?

Peasants

17

In the 1897 census, what percentage of the population made up the ruling classes?

0.5%

18

In the 1897 census who made up 0.5% of the population?

Ruling classes

19

Why was their unrest before Nicholas reign?

Peasants had received land under Alexander II but were unhappy with the quality and quantity

20

What were peasants controlled by

Mir (village councils) headed by village elders

21

What was the role of the Mir?

Control peasants and act as village council

22

What was starting at the beginning of Tsar Nicholas II reign?

Industrialisation
Industrial workforce growing

23

What was Russia slow in compared with other European nations?

Economic growth

24

What industries were Russia made up of?

Cottage
Small scale businesses

25

What was underdeveloped in Russia?

Infrastructure

26

What did the Emancipation Act of 1861 do?

Allowed peasants to buy land

27

What happened in 1861?

Emancipation Act

28

When was the Emanciption Act?

1861

29

What was the problem with the emancipation act of 1861?

Too costly

30

What was the main way of farming?

Strip system