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176.101 Intro To Sociology > 2. Course themes > Flashcards

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You might be asking yourself what the difference is between a theme and a sociological dimension. The dimensions described in the previous section can be thought of as forms of ____.

analysis

1

So, the ____ ____ of sociology refers to analysis of culture (that is those things that largely have to do with the meaning we give things and relationships here we refer to things like values, norms and practices of social groups). Culture is embedded in, and shapes every aspect of social life.

cultural dimension

2

The ____ ____ of sociology examines the impact of social structures (eg. patriarchal social relations capitalism, the occupational division of labour) on the organisation of social life.

structural dimension

3

The ____ ____ draws our attention to the way that current social practices have developed over time, and that the past helps to shape the present.

historical dimension

4

Finally, the _____ ____ asks that sociologists be reflexive about their own positions, as well as ask how things might be otherwise.

critical dimension

5

The ____ and ____ theme explores how the roles and identities that individuals inhabit are shaped by the social groups they belong to. All four sociological dimensions can contribute to understanding the connection between the social and the personal.

social and personal

7

S&P. The ____ dimension might throw some light on the changes that have occurred in gender roles - what it means to be a man or woman has changed significantly over time (and therefore how people feel about their masculinity or femininity has also changed).

historical

8

S&P. The ____ dimension alerts us to the fact that being masculine or feminine is experienced differently in different cultures.

cultural

9

S&P. The ____ dimension might direct our attention to exploring how different workplaces, with different rules of entry and socialisation of workers, expect different things from men and women (e.g. the manual trades still have very traditional ideas of how to be a good male worker, while the teaching profession allows more scope for variation in acceptable forms of masculinity or femininity)

structural

10

S&P. Finally, the ____ dimension would lead us to ask questions about who benefits from the acceptable forms of masculinity and femininity.

critical

11

S&P. The point here is that we make choices within the ____ and ____, already provided for us by culture, history and social structure.

constraints and opportunities

12

The ____ and the ____ theme addresses concerns around globalisation as a newish, but increasingly significant, social process.

local and the global

13

L&G. Sociologists are interested in how processes of _____ and rationalisation impact on the local lives of social groups and individuals.

globalisation

14

L&G. The point about this theme is not that global processes completely dominate the local scene, but that the two are _____.

interrelated

15

L&G. In addition local communities often attempt to ____ global processes, and are sometimes successful.

resist

16

The theme of ____ and ____ draws our attention to the fact that society is made up of a range of social groups that are different from each other.

differences and divisions

17

D&D. In terms of _____ we have men and women, as well as people who we are transgendered.

gender

18

D&D. In relation to ____ New Zealand society is made up of people who are Maori, Chinese, Samoan, Tongan, Dutch, Pakeha and so on.

ethnicity

19

D&D. In terms of ____ categories, there are people who live in poverty as well as those who are comfortably off.

economic

20

D&D. To say that there are social divisions is to point to two things. Firstly that there are ____ between people. Secondly, social divisions often involve ____ between groups.

Inequalities, conflict

21

D&D. Sociologists recognise that different social groups have different interests in things (like wealth redistribution) because of their different position within hierarchical social relations of ____ or ____.

class or ethnicity

22

D&D. Sociologically what is significant about some of these differences is that they also involve divisions between ____.

people

23

S&P. The expectations and attributes associated with social positions such as teacher, mother, father, worker, etc.

Social roles

24

S&P. Refers to the distinctive characteristics of persons in relation to social groups.

Identity

25

L&G. Refers to the increasing interdependence between societies on a worldwide basis.

Globalisation

26

L&G. Refers to the replacement of traditions, values, and emotions as motivators for behaviour in society with rational, calculated ones.

Rationalisation

27

D&D. Social ____ occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons.

Inequality

28

S&P. Who we are can thus be seen, whether positively or negatively, as the creation of collective ____, ____ and ____.

traditions, resources and values

29

L&G. There is not actually something called the '____ ____' as such that works coherently: there are only global phenomena working in, through and across nation states.

global system

30

L&G. The failure to ____ the local is also a matter of social meaning. We can never be the children of everywhere our identities and lives are always lived out in a particular way, in a particular place and time.

obliterate