1MBChB Respiratory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1MBChB Respiratory Deck (25)
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1

Stony dull to percussion

Pleural effusion

2

Alveolar bat's wings, Kerley B lines, Cardiomegaly, Dilated upper lobe vessels, Effusion (ABCDE!)

Pulmonary oedema

3

Ground-glass appearance on CXR

Pulmonary fibrosis
ARDS in neonates

4

ZN stain +ve for acid-fast bacilli

Tuberculosis

5

+ve anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies

Goodpasture's syndrome

6

Chest infection with a parrot/pigeon as a pet

Chlamydophila psittaci

7

Drug cough and diarrhoea, with a background of holiday abroad + contact with foreign water

Legionella pneumophila

8

Bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy
Erythema nodosum
Afro-Caribbean

Sarcoidosis

9

Bronchiole widening, signet ring sign on CT

Bronchiectasis

10

D-sign on CXR

Empyema

11

Steeple sign on CXR

Laryngotracheobronchitis (croup)

12

Red jelly sputum

Klebsiella pneumoniae

13

Rusty sputum

Pneumococcal pneumonia

14

Cannonball metastasis, weight loss and haematuria

Primary renal cell carcinoma

15

ACTH-secreting lung tumour

Small cell carcinoma

16

PTH-secreting lung tumour

Squamous cell carcinoma

17

Eggshell calcification near the hila

Silicosis

18

Apical lung lesion of secondary tuberculosis infection

Assmann focus

19

Thumbprint sign on a head XR

Epiglottitis

20

Inspiratory whoop/barking cough

Pertussis

21

Snow-storm appearance on CXR

Baritosis
Silicosis

22

Treatment of large PE

Thrombolysis

23

Treatment of small PE

LMW heparin

24

Swinging fever

Abscess

25

Chest infection in a sheep farmer

Coxiella burnetti