18. The Biological Approach To Treating OCD AO1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 18. The Biological Approach To Treating OCD AO1 Deck (21)
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1

What is the main way to treat OCD?

Drug therapies

2

What is the aim of a drug therapy?

For mental health disorders drug therapy aims to increase or decrease levels of neurotransmitters in the brain or to increase/decrease their activity

3

How are serotonin and OCD linked?

Low levels of serotonin are associated it with OCD

4

How did drugs therapies work in regard to serotonin?

Jokes work in various ways to increase the level of serotonin in the brain

5

What is a SSRI?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

6

What is the role of an SSRI?

They prevent the reabsorption and breakdown of serotonin in the brain

7

What does an SSRI preventing the reabsorption and breakdown of serotonin in the brain do

Iincreases its levels in the signups and therefore serotonin continues to stimulate the postsynaptic neuron

8

What compensates for the issues with the serotonin system in OCD?

And SSRI increases its levels in the signups and therefore serotonin continues to stimulate the postsynaptic neuron

9

What is the typical does for fluoxetine?

20mg although it can be increased if it is not benefitting the patient

10

Give an example of an SSRI and the dose it is taken in

Fluoxetine 20mg

11

How long does it take for an SSRI to have an impact upon symptoms?

3-4 months

12

What are drugs often used alongside to treat OCD?

CBT

13

Outline the process of combining SSRI's with CBT

Did drugs reduce a patient's emotional symptoms, such as feeling anxious or depressed which means that patients can engage more effectively with CBT

14

What is an alternative to SSRI's

Tricyclics

15

What is a tricyclic?

An older type of antidepressants

16

Give an example of a tricyclic

Clomipramine

17

What effects do tricyclics have?

Do you have the same affect on the serotonin system as SSRI's but the side-effects can be more severe

18

Name to alternatives to SSRI's

- Tricyclics
- SNRI's

19

What has been developed in the last five years?

A different class of antidepressant drugs called serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) has been used to treat OCD

20

What are SNRI's used for?

There are second line of defence for patients who don't respond to SSRI's

21

What do SNRI's increase?

Levels of serotonin as well as noradrenaline