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1

falling membership which begun in 1960s continued up to

1992

2

rights that had been won

largely remained

3

power and importance of unions reduced compared to

1960s and period of the New Deal

4

Organised Labour certainly in a stronger position than in

1865

5

what was the decline in union membership a reflection of (3 things)

1. continuing change in the structure of the American workforce and economy
2. events such as the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) strike in 1981
3. change in attitude towards unions among government and public

6

why did the number of strikes and number of workers taking part in strikes decrease?

lack of public sympathy for PATCO

7

why were there divisions within the union movement (weakening the movement)

unwilling to support PATCO air traffic controllers whom they perceived as well paid

8

what did the decline in factories and businesses mean

more difficult to organise workers and this impacted on union recruitment

9

what was the decline in membership encouraged by

continued provision of employers of generous welfare packages = many workers no worse off than in the earlier periods but saw little to be gained from union membership.

10

increasing number of female and white collar workers who were

less interested in joining unions = union membership declines

11

the period witnessed the growth of

non-unionised firms

12

what did non unionised firms mean

employers able to ignore law and deny workers their rights
(increasing trend when employers discovered they could get away with it)

13

NLRB less willing to defend union rights =

employers interests taking precedence over those of the workers

14

employer now in a stronger position than during the period of

new deal
WW2

15

by 1992 workers had the right to
3 things

1. join union (although there were non-union firms)

2. collective bargaining (but threat of unemployment weakened their position)

3. strike (although some gov workers forbidden and some firms where employees had signed no-strike clauses)

16

how had position of female workers improved

advances towards equal pay and opportunity

17

which workers were still in vulnerable positions and often low paid?

hispanics
african americans