12. The Cognitive Approach To Explaining Depression AO1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 12. The Cognitive Approach To Explaining Depression AO1 Deck (19)
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1

What was becks theory?

Beck's cognitive theory of depression

2

What did Beck suggest?

That some people are more prone to depression because of faulty information processing- thinking in flawed ways

3

What do people with depression tend to do?

If they attend to the negative aspects of and ignore the positives, they then tend to blow small things out of proportion and think in 'black and white' terms

4

What do depressed people have?

A negative self schema

5

What is a schema?

This is a 'package' of ideas and information developed through experience

6

What are schemas used for?

They are used to interpret the world, so if someone has a negative self schema they interpret all information about themselves in a negative way

7

What are the three elements of the negative triad?

1. Negative views on the world e.g. 'The world is a cold hard place'
2. Negative views on the future e.g. 'There isn't much chance that the economy will get any better'
3. Negative view of the self that negatively impacts upon self-esteem e.g. Thinking ' I am a failure'

8

What are the three parts of Ellis' ABC model

Activating event
Beliefs
Consequences

9

What did Ellis suggest?

Depression arises from irrational thoughts

10

According to Ellis, when does depression occur?

When we experience negative events e.g. Failing an important test or the end of a relationship

11

What do negative events cause?

They trigger irrational beliefs

12

What did Ellis call the belief that we must always succeed?

Musterbation

13

What is musterbation?

The belief that we must always succeed

14

What is the belief that it is a disaster if things don't go smoothly?

I-can't-stand-it-itis

15

What is I-can't-stand-it-itis?

The belief that it is a disaster when things do not go smoothly

16

What is Utopianism?

The belief that the world must always be fair and just

17

What is the name used to describe the belief that the world must always be fair and just?

Utopianism

18

What are the three parts of B in Ellis' ABC model?

1. Musterbation
2. I-can't-stand-it-itis
3. Utopianism

19

Outline consequences in Ellis' model

There are emotional and behavioural consequences - e.g. If you believe you must succeed and then fail, the consequence is depression