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Flashcards in 12- cognitive control Deck (14)
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1

give an example of decision making, selective attention, cognitive inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and response inhibition

Ex: say you are driving
-Decision making: deciding what route to take

- Selective attention: Choosing to pay attention to the road and not other things to achieve goal of driving

-Cognitive inhibition: Inhibiting all sort of things, sounds from texts, people talking

-Cognitive flexibility: Update route based on traffic, task switching , moving back and forth and updating things

-Response inhibition: Inhibiting habitual response to make a new response

2

AX- continuous performance task

-A subject is told to respond to an X, but only if that X is preceded by an A

-AX trials are frequent
-A task of context processing and goal maintenance

-people are slower at the AY trial and make more mistakes on it

3

Stroop task

-A subject is asked to respond with the ink color of the word not the meaning of the word-

-3 trial types: incongruent, neutral, and congruent

-A task of interference, inhibitory control, and sustained attention

-people slower to respond to incongruent trials vs. congruent trials

4

brain area associated with maintenance of task goals

which brain area was associated with response conflict

-Maintenance of tasks goals = lateral PFC

-response conflict = Anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)

5

are subcortical areas involved in cognitive control

-yes

-caudate nucleus, thalamus, cerebellum

6

functions of lateral PFC

-short term memory
-selective attention
-behavioral planning
-setting behavioral goals

-Inhibition of Prepotent Responses (A response we been rewarded or punished for in our life , hence we continue or discontinued to response the same way )

7

functions of frontal lobe

-memory retrieval
-multiple task coordination

8

functions of ventromedial PFC

-decision making
-emotion and reward

-aka OFC

9

functions of medial PFC

-error detection
-resolving conflict
-reward anticipation
-lesions cause severe drop in drive

10

which disorders are associated with cognitive control deficits

-PFC lesions
-addiction
-ADHD
-Autism
-Neurological disorders

11

describe deficits associated with PFC lesions

-trouble being organized, planning, following strategies to achieve goals

-perseveration

12

perseveration

The tendency to continue giving a particular response even if the context has changed and the response is no longer appropriate

13

cognitive control aka executive function

-cognitive processes that regulate, control, and manage the flow of information processing

-“The process that allows information processing and behavior to vary adaptively from moment to moment depending on current goals

-Goal-oriented behavior and decision making involve planning, evaluating options, and calculating the value of rewards and consequences

-Working memory allows for the interaction of current goals with perceptual information and knowledge accumulated from personal experience from LTM

-Dynamic and flexible

14

cognitive control involves ?

-planning
-working memory
-attention
-problem solving
-verbal reasoning
-inhibition
-mental flexibility
-task switching
-initiation
-monitoring of actions