Flashcards in 12 BUS Ch 5- Employment Cycle Deck (73)
Human resource planning
The development of strategies to meet the organisation's future human resource needs
What activities take place in the establishment phase?
~Employment arrangements and remuneration
What activities take place in the maintenance phase?
~Training and development
~Recognition and reward
What activities take place in the termination phase?
~Entitlement and transition issues
In the establishment phase, what should organisation's constantly monitor and plan?
1. Number of employees required
2. Their qualifications, skills and experience
3. When and where they will be needed
A systematic study of each employee's duties, tasks and work environment.
What does a job analysis entail?
~Equipment that must be used
~Degree of supervision
A written statement describing the employee's duties, tasks and responsibilities associated with the job.
A list of key qualifications needed to perform a particular job in terms of education, skills and experience.
Details the number, kind and variety of tasks that individual employees perform in their jobs.
What will a good job design consider?
The satisfaction of the employee's needs by giving the employee a variety of tasks and some decision-making responsibility
The process of attracting qualified job applicants from which to select the most appropriate person for a specific job
Involves considering present employees as applicants for available positions.
Advantages of internal recruitment
~Existing knowledge of business practises and culture.
~Saves time and money
Disadvantages of internal recruitment
~Higher potential for selection bias
~Potential for conflict and competition between employees
Applicant for a position is found from outside the organisation
Advantages of external recruitment
~Greater pool of applicants
~Ability to acquire new skills, attitudes and ideas
Disadvantages of external recruitment
What is the role of an agency in recruitment?
~Screen applicants and send them to the organisation for interviews etc
Involves choosing the candidate who best matched the organisation's requirements.
How can a poor selection process lead to increased costs and lower productivity?
~Training costs to suffice for poorly qualified staff
~Job dissatisfaction and high turnover
~High accident or defect rates
What are the selection options?
Occurs when a policy or a practise disadvantages a person based on a personal characteristic that is irrelevant to the performance of the work
Why must discrimination be prevented in the interview process?
Because it may contravene anti-discrimination or EEO legislation.
What are the typical steps in the selection process?
1. Receive applications
2. Screen applicants
3. Short list candidates
5. Referee check
6. Offer job
Full time permanent
Employees that have an ongoing employment contract which includes all legally required entitlements
Part-time permanent employment
Involves working fewer ordinary weekly or monthly hours compared with full-time employees
Fixed term contract
Employment is offered for a specific period
Employed on an hourly basis