12 BUS Ch 5- Employment Cycle Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 12 BUS Ch 5- Employment Cycle Deck (73)
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1

Human resource planning

The development of strategies to meet the organisation's future human resource needs

2

What activities take place in the establishment phase?

~Planning
~Recruitment
~Selection
~Employment arrangements and remuneration

3

What activities take place in the maintenance phase?

~Induction
~Training and development
~Recognition and reward
~Performance management

4

What activities take place in the termination phase?

~Termination management
~Entitlement and transition issues

5

In the establishment phase, what should organisation's constantly monitor and plan?

1. Number of employees required
2. Their qualifications, skills and experience
3. When and where they will be needed

6

Job analysis

A systematic study of each employee's duties, tasks and work environment.

7

What does a job analysis entail?

~Job activities
~Equipment that must be used
~Job behaviours
~Working conditions
~Degree of supervision

8

Job description

A written statement describing the employee's duties, tasks and responsibilities associated with the job.

9

Job specification

A list of key qualifications needed to perform a particular job in terms of education, skills and experience.

10

Job design

Details the number, kind and variety of tasks that individual employees perform in their jobs.

11

What will a good job design consider?

The satisfaction of the employee's needs by giving the employee a variety of tasks and some decision-making responsibility

12

Recruitment

The process of attracting qualified job applicants from which to select the most appropriate person for a specific job

13

Internal recruitment

Involves considering present employees as applicants for available positions.

14

Advantages of internal recruitment

~Existing knowledge of business practises and culture.
~Saves time and money

15

Disadvantages of internal recruitment

~Higher potential for selection bias
~Potential for conflict and competition between employees

16

External recruitment

Applicant for a position is found from outside the organisation

17

Advantages of external recruitment

~Greater pool of applicants
~Ability to acquire new skills, attitudes and ideas

18

Disadvantages of external recruitment

~Time consuming
~Expensive

19

What is the role of an agency in recruitment?

~Screen applicants and send them to the organisation for interviews etc

20

Selection

Involves choosing the candidate who best matched the organisation's requirements.

21

How can a poor selection process lead to increased costs and lower productivity?

~Training costs to suffice for poorly qualified staff
~Job dissatisfaction and high turnover
~High absenteeism
~High accident or defect rates

22

What are the selection options?

Background checks
Application forms
Medical examinations
Interviews
Tests

23

Discrimination

Occurs when a policy or a practise disadvantages a person based on a personal characteristic that is irrelevant to the performance of the work

24

Why must discrimination be prevented in the interview process?

Because it may contravene anti-discrimination or EEO legislation.

25

What are the typical steps in the selection process?

1. Receive applications
2. Screen applicants
3. Short list candidates
4. Interviews
5. Referee check
6. Offer job

26

Full time permanent

Employees that have an ongoing employment contract which includes all legally required entitlements

27

Part-time permanent employment

Involves working fewer ordinary weekly or monthly hours compared with full-time employees

28

Fixed term contract

Employment is offered for a specific period

29

Casual employee

Employed on an hourly basis

30

Remuneration

A monetary payment in return for the work an employee performs